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Hell Gap

Hell Gap is a stratified site with multiple Paleoindian components. Known as the type site for three Paleoindian complexes (Goshen-11,000 rcybp, Hell Gap-10,000 rcybp, and Frederick-8000 rcybp) and for its Paleoindian cultural sequence, the most complete sequence known for the period, the site plays an extraordinary role in the studies of the First Americans. Originally excavated in the 1960s by Harvard University and its Peabody Museum field expeditions, Hell Gap proved to be a chronostratigraphic panacea as well as a campsite, an uncommon type of site at the time and one yielding a richer cultural inventory of Paleoindian objects. Hell Gap has been under investigation by us (George Frison, Mary Lou Larson, and Marcel Kornfeld) since 1993. Our investigations aimed to analyze the results of the 1960s expeditions (Larson et al. 2009; Kornfeld 2008; Knell et al. 20002; Byers 2002), as well as initiate new field studies. We have currently reached the middle to early Paleoindian components at Locality I and continue to excavate them. 

Layers of excavation at the Hell Gap site.    Tents for students at the Hell Gap site.    Students relaxing in the bunkhouse at Hell Gap. Excavation of an animal spine at the Hell Gap site.The bunkhouse at the Hell Gap site.


Hell Gap Data Bases



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