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Atmospheric Science|College of Engineering and Applied Science

Xiaohong Liu, Professor

Wyoming Excellence Chair in Climate Science


PEER-REFEREED PUBLICATIONS (as of 3/1/2014)

  1. Wang, Y., X. Liu, C. Hoose, and B. Wang, Impact of heterogeneous ice nucleation by natural dust and soot based on a probability density function of contact angle model with the Community Atmospheric Model version 5, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, submitted, 2014.
  2. Jiang Y., X.-Q. Yang and X. Liu, Seasonality in anthropogenic aerosol effects on East Asian climate with NCAR CAM5, Journal of Geophysical Research, submitted, 2014.
  3. Ban-Weiss, G. A., L. Jin, S. Bauer, R. Bennartz, X. Liu, K. Zhang, Y. Ming, and J. Jiang, Evaluating clouds, aerosols, and their interactions in three global climate models using satellite simulators and observations, Journal of Geophysical Research, submitted, 2014.
  4. Kondo, Y., H. Matsui, N. Oshima, N. Moteki, Q. Wang, D. J. Jacob, M. Schulz, X. Liu, P. J. Rasch, H. Wang, K. Zhang, M. Koike, N. Takegawa, and K. Kita, Transport efficiency as a key parameter in representing wet deposition of black carbon, Geophysical Research Letter, submitted, 2014.
  5. Tsigaridis, K., et al. (including X. Liu), The AeroCom evaluation and intercomparison of organic aerosol in global models, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, submitted, 2014.
  6. Scanza, R. A., N. Mahowald, S. J. Ghan, C. S. Zender, J. F. Kok, X. Liu, and Y. Zhang, Dependence of dust radiative forcing on mineralogy in the Community Atmosphere Model, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, submitted, 2014.
  7. Elliott, S., S. Burrows, C. Deal, X. Liu, M. Long, O. Ogunro, L. M. Russell, and O. Wingenter, Prospects for simulation of macromolecular surfactant chemistry in the ocean-atmosphere, Environmental Research Letters, submitted, 2014.
  8. Kulkarni, G., C. Sanders, K. Zhang, X. Liu, and C. Zhao, Ice nucleation and cloud properties of bare and sulfuric acid coated mineral dust particles, Journal of Geophysical Research, submitted, 2014.
  9. Komurcu, M., T. Storelvmo, I. Tan, U. Lohmann, Y. Yun, J. E. Penner, Y. Wang, X. Liu, and T. Takemura, Inter-comparison of the cloud water phase among global climate models, Journal of Geophysical Research, in press, 2014.
  10. English, J. M., J. E. Kay, A. Gettelman, X. Liu, Y. Wang, Y. Zhang, and H. Chepfer, Contributions of clouds, surface albedos, and mixed-phase ice nucleation schemes to Arctic radiation biases in CAM5, Journal of Climate, in revision, 2013.
  11. Ma, P.-L., P. J. Rasch, J. D. Fast, R. C. Easter, W. I. Gustafson Jr., X. Liu, S. J. Ghan, and B. Singh, Assessing the CAM5 Physics Suite in the WRF-Chem Model: Implementation, Evaluation, and Resolution Sensitivity, Geoscientific Model Development Discussion, 6, 6157–6218, doi:10.5194/gmdd-6-6157-2013, 2013.
  12. Lin, C.-Y., C. Zhao, X. Liu, N.-H. Lin, and W.-N. Chen, Simulation of long-range transport of Southeast Asia biomass burning pollutants to Taiwan and their radiative impacts over East Asia, Tellus B, submitted, 2013.
  13. Yu, S., R. Mathur, J. Pleim, D. Wong, R. Gilliam, K. Alapaty, C. Zhao, and X. Liu, Aerosol indirect effect on the grid-scale clouds in the two-way coupled WRF-CMAQ: model description, development, evaluation and regional analysis, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussion, 13, 25649–25739, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-25649-2013, 2013.
  14. Jiao, C., et al. (including X. Liu), An AeroCom assessment of black carbon in Arctic snow and sea ice, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussion, 13, 26217–26267, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-26217-2013, 2013.
  15. Mann G. et al. (including X. Liu), Intercomparison and evaluation of aerosol microphysical properties among AeroCom global models of a range of complexity, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussion, 13, 30841–30928, 2013.
  16. Gao, Y., C. Zhao, X. Liu, M. Zhang, L.-R. Leung, WRF-Chem model simulations of aerosol and its radiative forcing over East Asia, Atmospheric Environment, in revision, 2013.
  17. Berg, L., E. Chapman, J. Barnard, D. Chand, R. Easter, J. Fast, S. Ghan, M. Gilles, A. Laskin, X. Liu, A. McComiskey, R. McGraw, R. Moffett, M. Petters, N. Riemer, A. Sedlacek, J. Wilson, R. Zaveri, A. Zelenyuk, and C. Berkowitz, Understanding aerosol mixing state: Measurements guiding the next generation of climate models, Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, submitted, 2013.
  18. Zhao, C., X. Liu, Y. Qian, J. Yoon, Z. Hou, G. Lin, S. McFarlane, H. Wang, B. Yang, P.-L. Ma, H. Yan, and J. Bao (2013), A sensitivity study of radiative fluxes at the top of atmosphere to cloud-microphysics and aerosol parameters in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 10969-10987, doi:10.5194/acp-13-10969-2013.
  19. Ma, P.-L., J. R. Gattiker, X. Liu, and P. J. Rasch (2013), Using a Gaussian Process Emulator to explore the source-receptor relationships of black carbon, Environmental Research Letters, 8, 024042, doi:10.1088/1748-9326/8/2/024042 (labeled as “IOP selected” and “monthly highlight selection”).
  20. Long, M. S., W. C. Keene, R. C. Easter, R. Sander, X. Liu, A. Kerkweg, and D. Erickson, Sensitivity of tropospheric chemical composition to halogen-radical chemistry using a fully coupled size-resolved multiphase chemistry/global climate system I: Halogen distributions, aerosol composition, and sensitivity of climate-relevant gases, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics Discussion, 13, 6067-6129, doi:10.5194/acpd-13-6067-2013, 2013.
  21. Hu, N., and X. Liu (2013), A modeling study of the effect of anthropogenic aerosols on drought in the late spring of south China, Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 27(5), 701–715, doi: 10.1007/s13351-013-0506-z.
  22. Zhang, K., X. Liu, M. Wang, J. M. Comstock, D. L. Mitchell, S. Mishra, and G. G. Mace (2013), Evaluating and constraining ice cloud parameterizations in CAM5 using aircraft measurements from the SPARTICUS campaign, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 4963–4982, doi:10.5194/acp-13-4963-2013.
  23. Wang, H., R. C. Easter, P. J. Rasch, M. Wang, X. Liu, S. J. Ghan, Y. Qian, J.-H. Yoon, P.-L. Ma, and V. Velu (2013), Improving aerosol transport to high-latitudes in CAM5, Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 765–782, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-765-2013.
  24. Myhre, G., et al. (including X. Liu) (2013), Radiative forcing of the direct aerosol effect from AeroCom Phase II simulations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 1853–1877, doi:10.5194/acp-13-1853-2013.
  25. Shindell, D. T., Lamarque, J.-F., Schulz, M., Flanner, M., Jiao, C., Chin, M., Young, P., Lee, Y. H., Rotstayn, L., Milly, G., Faluvegi, G., Balkanski, Y., Collins, W. J., Conley, A. J., Dalsoren, S., Easter, R., Ghan, S., Horowitz, L., X. Liu, Myhre, G., Nagashima, T., Naik, V., Rumbold, S., Skeie, R., Sudo, K., Szopa, S., Takemura, T., Voulgarakis, A., and Yoon, J.-H. (2013), Radiative forcing in the ACCMIP historical and future climate simulations, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 2939–2974, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2939-2013.
  26. Samset, B. H., Myhre, G., Schulz, M., Balkanski, Y., Bauer, S., Berntsen, T. K., Bian, H., Bellouin, N., Diehl, T., Easter, R. C., Ghan, S. J., Iversen, T., Kinne, S., Kirkevåg, A., Lamarque, J.-F., Lin, G., X. Liu, Penner, J., Seland, Ø., Skeie, R.B., Stier, P., Takemura, T., Tsigaridis, K., and Zhang, K. (2013), Black carbon vertical profiles strongly affect its radiative forcing uncertainty, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 13, 2423-2434, doi:10.5194/acp-13-2423-2013.
  27. Davies L, C. Jakob, R.J. Keane, M.A. Whitall, R.S. Plant, Y. Lin, W. Wang, A. Wolf, A.D. Del Genio, V.E. Larson, B.J. Nielsen, X. Liu, X. Shi, X. Song, G.J. Zhang, T. Komori, A. Hill, J.C. Petch, T. Hume, M.S. Singh, and K. Cheung (2013), A Single Column Model Ensemble approach applied to the TWP-ICE experiment, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 6544–6563, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50450.
  28. Xie, S., X. Liu, C. Zhao, and Y. Zhang (2013), Sensitivity of CAM5 simulated Arctic clouds and radiation to ice nucleation parameterization, Journal of Climate, 26, 5981–5999, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00517.1.
  29. Ma, P.-L., P. J. Rasch, H. Wang, K. Zhang, R. C. Easter, S. Tilmes, J. D. Fast, X. Liu, J.-H. Yoon, and J.-F. Lamarque (2013), The role of circulation features on black carbon transport into the Arctic in the Community Atmosphere Model version 5 (CAM5), Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 4657–4669, doi:10.1002/jgrd.50411.
  30. Shi, X., B. Wang, X. Liu, and M. Wang (2013), Two-moment bulk stratiform cloud microphysics in the Grid-point Atmospheric Model of IAP LASG (GAMIL), Advances in Atmospheric Sciences, 30, 868–883.
  31. Long, M. S., W. C. Keene, R. Easter, R. Sander, A. Kerkweg, D. Erickson, X. Liu, and S. J. Ghan (2013), Implementation of the chemistry module MECCA (v2.5) in the modal aerosol version of the Community Atmosphere Model component (v3.6.33) of the Community Earth System Model, Geoscientific Model Development, 6, 255-262, doi:10.5194/gmd-6-255-2013.
  32. Yang, B., Y. Qian, G. Lin, L. R. Leung, P. J. Rasch, G. Zhang, S. McFarlane, C. Zhao, Y. Zhang, H. Wang, M. Wang, and X. Liu (2013), Uncertainty quantification and parameter tuning in the CAM5 Zhang-McFarlane convection scheme and physical impact of improved convection on the global circulation and climate, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 395415, doi:10.1029/2012JD018213.
  33. Jiang, Y., X. Liu, X.-Q. Yang, and M. Wang (2013), Effects of anthropogenic aerosols on East Asian summer clouds and precipitation with Community Atmospheric Model version 5, Atmospheric Environment, 70, 51-63, doi: 10.1016/j.atmosenv.2012.12.039.
  34. Liu, X., X. Shi, K. Zhang, E. J. Jensen, A. Gettelman, D. Barahona, A. Nenes, and P. Lawson (2012), Sensitivity studies of dust ice nuclei effect on cirrus clouds with the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 12061-12079, doi:10.5194/acp-12-12061-2012.
  35. Yu, F., G. Luo, X. Liu, R. C. Easter, X. Ma, and S. J. Ghan (2012), Indirect radiative forcing by ion-mediated nucleation of aerosol. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 11451-11463, doi: 10.5194/acp-12-11451-2012.
  36. Gettelman, A., X. Liu, D. Barahona, U. Lohmann, and C. Chen (2012), Climate impacts of ice nucleation. Journal of Geophysical Research, 117, D20201, doi:10.1029/2012JD017950.
  37. Wang, M., S. J. Ghan, X. Liu, T. L’ Ecuyer, K. Zhang, H. Morrison, M. Ovchinnikov, R. E. Easter, D. Chand, Y. Qian, and J. E. Penner (2012), Constraining cloud lifetime effects of aerosols using A-Train satellite observations. Geophysical Research Letter, 39, L15709, doi:10.1029/2012GL052204 (featured as a Science journal “Editor’s choice”).
  38. Gantt, B., J. Xu, N. Meskhidze, Y. Zhang, A. Nenes, S. J. Ghan, X. Liu, R. C. Easter, and R. Zaveri (2012), Global distribution and climate forcing of marine carbonaceous aerosol. 2. Effects on cloud properties and radiative forcing. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 6555–6563, doi: 10.5194/acp-12-6555-2012.
  39. Flanner, M., X. Liu, C. Zhou, and J. E. Penner (2012), Enhanced solar energy absorption by internally-mixed black carbon in snow grains. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 4699–4721, doi:10.5194/acp-12-4699-2012.
  40. Liu, X., R. C. Easter, S. J. Ghan, R. Zaveri, P. Rasch, X. Shi, J.-F. Lamarque, A. Gettelman, H. Morrison, F. Vitt, A. Conley, S. Park, R. Neale, C. Hannay, A. Ekman, P. Hess, N. Mahowald, W. Collins, M. Iacono, C. Bretherton, M. Flanner, and D. Mitchell (2012), Toward a minimal representation of aerosols in climate models: Description and evaluation in the Community Atmosphere Model CAM5. Geoscientific Model Development, 5, 709-739, doi:10.5194/gmd-5-709-2012 (featured “New Hot Paper in the field of Geosciences” by Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge at http://sciencewatch.com/articles/hot-paper-xiaohong-liu-modeling-atmospheric-aerosols).
  41. Zhao C., S. A. Klein, S. Xie, X. Liu, J. Boyle, and Y. Zhang (2012), Aerosol first indirect effects on non-precipitating low-level liquid cloud properties as simulated by CAM5 at ARM sites, Geophysical Research Letter, 39, L08806, doi:10.1029/2012GL051213.
  42. Ghan, S. J., X. Liu, R. C. Easter, P. Rasch, and J.-H. Yoon (2012), Toward a Minimal Representation of Aerosol Direct, Semi-Direct and Indirect Effects: Comparative Decomposition. Journal of Climate, 25, 6461-6476.
  43. Zhao, C., X. Liu, and L. R. Leung (2012), The impact of Desert dust on the summer monsoon system over Southwestern North America. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 3717-3731, doi:10.5194/acp-12-3717-2012.
  44. Kulkarni, G., J. Fan, J. M. Comstock, X. Liu, and M. Ovchinnikov (2012), Laboratory measurements and model sensitivity studies of dust deposition ice nucleation. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 7295–7308, doi:10.5194/acp-12-7295-2012.
  45. Gu, Y., K. N. Liou, J. H. Jiang, H. Su, and X. Liu (2012), Dust aerosol impact on North Africa climate: a GCM investigation of aerosol-cloud-radiation interactions using A-Train satellite data. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 12, 1667-1679, doi:10.5194/acp-12-1667-2012.
  46. Gao, Y., M. Zhang, X. Liu, and C. Zhao (2012), Model analysis of aerosol effect on clouds over East Asia. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 5, 1-7.
  47. Liu, X., S. Xie, J. Boyle, S. A. Klein, X. Shi, Z. Wang, W. Lin, S. J. Ghan, M. Earle, P. S. K. Liu, Z. Wang and A. Zelenyuk  (2011), Testing cloud microphysics parameterizations in NCAR CAM5 with ISDAC and M-PACE observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, D00T11, doi:10.1029/2011JD015889.
  48. Gao, Y., X. Liu, C. Zhao, and M. Zhang (2011), Emission controls versus meteorological conditions in determining aerosol concentrations in Beijing during the 2008 Olympic Games. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 12437-12451.
  49. Meskhidze, N., J. Xu, B. Gantt, Y. Zhang, A. Nenes, S. J. Ghan, X. Liu, R. C. Easter, and R. Zaveri (2011), Global distribution and climate forcing of marine carbonaceous aerosol. 1. Model improvements and evaluation. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 11689–11705.
  50. Han, X., M. Zhang, Z. Han, J. Xin, and X. Liu (2011), Simulation of aerosol direct radiative forcing with RAMS-CMAQ in East Asia. Atmospheric Environment, 45, 6576-6592.
  51. Ghan, S. J., H. Abdul-Razzak, Y. Ming, X. Liu, M. Ovchinnikov, A. Nenes, X. Shi and N. Meskhidze (2011), Droplet nucleation: Physically-based parameterization and validation. Journal of Advances in Modeling Earth Systems, 3, doi: 10.1029/2011MS000074.
  52. Fan, J., S. J. Ghan, M. Ovchinnikov, X. Liu, P. R. Rasch, and A. Korolev (2011), Representation of Arctic mixed-phase clouds and Wegener-Bergeron-Findeisen process in climate models – perspectives from a cloud-resolving study. Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, D00T07, doi:10.1029/2010JD015375.
  53. Huneeus, N. et al. (include X. Liu) (2011), Global Dust Model Intercomparison in AeroCom Phase I, Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 7781–7816.
  54. Wang, M., S. J. Ghan, M. Ovchinnikov, X. Liu, R. C. Easter, E. Kassianov, Y. Qian, and H. Morrison (2011), Aerosol indirect effects in a multi-scale aerosol-climate model PNNL-MMF. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 5431-5455.
  55. Zhao, C., X. Liu, L. R. Leung, S. Hagos (2011), The radiative impact of mineral dust on hydrological cycles during the monsoon season over West Africa. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 1879-1893.
  56. Koch, D., Y. Balkanski, S. E. Bauer, R. C. Easter, S. Ferrachat, S. J. Ghan, C. Hoose, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, J. E. Kristjansson, X. Liu, U. Lohmann, S. Menon, J. Quaas, M. Schulz, Ø. Seland, T. Takemura, and N. Yan (2011), Soot microphysical effects on liquid clouds, a multi-model investigation. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 11, 1051–1064.
  57. Su, H., J. H. Jiang, X. Liu, J. E. Penner, W. G. Read, S. Massie, M. R. Schoeberl, P. Colarco, N. J. Livesey, M. L. Santee (2011), Observed Increase of TTL Temperature and Water Vapor in Polluted Clouds over Asia. Journal of Climate, 24, 2728-2736.
  58. McFarquhar, G. M. et al. (include X. Liu) (2011), Indirect and Semi-Direct Aerosol Campaign (ISDAC): The Impact of Arctic Aerosols on Clouds. Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 183-201.
  59. Wang, M., S. J. Ghan, R. C. Easter, M. Ovchinnikov, X. Liu, E. Kassianov, Y. Qian, W. Gustafson, V. E. Larson, D. P. Schanen, M. Khairoutdinov, and H. Morrison (2011), The multi-scale aerosol-climate model PNNL-MMF: model description and evaluations. Geoscientific Model Development, 4, 137-168.
  60. Liu, X., and J. Wang (2010), How important is organic aerosol hygroscopicity to aerosol indirect forcing? Environmental Research Letters, 5, 044010, doi: 10.1088/1748-9326/5/4/044010.
  61. Gettelman, A., X. Liu, S. J. Ghan, H. Morrison, S. Park, and A. J. Conley (2010) Global simulations of ice nucleation and ice supersaturation with an improved cloud scheme in the Community Atmospheric Model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 115, D18216, doi:10.1029/2009JD013797.
  62. Zhao, C., X. Liu, L. R. Leung, B. Johnson, S. McFarlane, W. I. Gustafson, J. D. Fast, and R. C. Easter (2010) The spatial distribution of dust and its shortwave radiative forcing over North Africa: Modeling sensitivity to dust emissions and aerosol size treatments. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 8821-8838.
  63. Zhang, K., H. Wan, M. Zhang, B. Wang, J. Feichter, X. Liu (2010) Tropospheric aerosol size distributions simulated by three online global aerosol models using the M7 microphysics module. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 10, 6409-6434.
  64. DeMott, P. J., A. Prenni, X. Liu et al. (2010) Predicting global atmospheric ice nuclei distributions and their impacts on climate. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of USA, 107, 11217-11222, doi:10.1073/pnas.0910818107.
  65. Bhattacharjee, P. S., Y. C. Sud, X. Liu, G.K. Walker, R. Yang, and J. Wang (2010) Importance of including ammonium sulfate ((NH4)2SO4) aerosols for ice cloud parameterizations in global models. Annals of Geophysics, 28, 621–631.
  66. Han, X., M.-G. Zhang, X. Liu, S. J. Ghan, J.-Y. Xin, and L.-L. Wang (2009) Development of RAMS-CMAQ to simulate aerosol optical depth and aerosol direct radiative forcing and its application to East Asia. Atmospheric and Oceanic Science Letters, 2, 368−375.
  67. Koch, D. et al. (include X. Liu) (2009) Evaluation of Black Carbon Estimations in Global Aerosol Models. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 9001–9026.
  68. Sud, Y. C., E. Wilcox, W. K.-M. Lau, G. K. Walker, X. Liu, A. Nenes, D. Lee, K.-M. Kim, Y. Zhou, and P. S. Bhattacharjee (2009) Sensitivity of Boreal-Summer Circulation and Precipitation to Atmospheric Aerosols in Selected Regions of Northern Tropics and Subtropics. Annals of Geophysics, 27, 3989-4007.
  69. Quaas, J. et al. (include X. Liu) (2009) Aerosol indirect effects – general circulation model intercomparison and evaluation with satellite data. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 8697-8717.
  70. Wang, W., X. Liu, S. Xie, J. Boyle, and S. A. McFarlane (2009) Testing a new ice microphysics parameterization in NCAR CAM3 using TWP-ICE data. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D14107, doi:10.1029/2008JD011220.
  71. Wang, W., and X. Liu (2009) Evaluating deep updraft formulation in NCAR CAM3 with high-resolution WRF simulations during ARM TWP-ICE. Geophysical Research Letter, 36, L04701, doi:10.1029/2008GL036692.
  72. Liu, X., J.  E. Penner, and M. Wang (2009) Influence of anthropogenic sulfate and soot on upper tropospheric clouds using CAM3 coupled with an aerosol model. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D03204, doi:10.1029/2008JD010492.
  73. Wang, M., J. E. Penner, X. Liu (2009) The coupled IMPACT aerosol and NCAR CAM3 model: evaluation of predicted aerosol number and size distribution. Journal of Geophysical Research, 114, D06302, doi:10.1029/2008JD010459.
  74. Klein, S. A., et al. (including X. Liu) (2009) Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part I: Single layer cloud. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, DOI:10.1002/qj.416.
  75. Morrison, H, et al. (including X. Liu) (2009) Intercomparison of model simulations of mixed-phase clouds observed during the ARM Mixed-Phase Arctic Cloud Experiment. Part II: Multiply layer cloud. Quarterly Journal of the Royal Meteorological Society, DOI: 10.1002/qj.415.
  76. Penner, J. E., Y. Chen, M. Wang, X. Liu (2009) Possible Influence of Anthropogenic Aerosols on Cirrus Clouds and Anthropogenic Forcing. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 9, 879-896.
  77. Xie, S., J. Boyle, S. A. Klein, X. Liu and S. Ghan (2008) Simulations of Arctic Mixed-Phase Clouds in Forecasts with CAM3 and AM2 for M-PACE. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, D04211, doi:10.1029/2007JD009225.
  78. Liu, X., S. Xie, and S. J. Ghan (2007) Evaluation of a new mixed-phase cloud microphysics parameterization with the NCAR single column climate model (SCAM) and ARM M-PACE observations. Geophysical Research Letter, 34, L23712, doi:10.1029/2007GL031446.
  79. Liu, X., J. E. Penner, S. J. Ghan, and M. Wang (2007) Inclusion of Ice Microphysics in the NCAR Community Atmospheric Model Version 3 (CAM3). Journal of Climate, 20, 4526-4547.
  80. Textor, C., M. Schulz, S. Guibert, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, J. Feichter, D. Fillmore, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, L. Horowitz, P. Huang, I.S.A. Isaksen, T. Iversen, S. Kloster, D. Koch, A. Kirkeveg, J.E. Kristjansson, M. Krol, A. Lauer, J.F. Lamarque, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J.E. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, X. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, and X. Tie (2007) The effect of harmonized emissions on aerosol properties in global models - an AeroCom experiment. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7, 4489–4501.
  81. Liu, X., J. E. Penner, B. Das, D. Bergmann, J. M. Rodriguez, S. Strahan, M. Wang and Y. Feng (2007) Uncertainties in global aerosol simulations: Assessment using three meteorological datasets. Journal of Geophysical Research, 112, D11212, doi:10.1029/2006JD008216.
  82. Weisenstein, D. K., J. E. Penner, M. Herzog, and X. Liu (2007) Global 2-D intercomparison of sectional and modal aerosol modules. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 7, 2339–2355.
  83. Schulz, M., C. Textor, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntse, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, F. Dentener, S. Guibert, I.S.A. Isaksen, T. Iversen, D. Koch, A. Kirkevag, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, O. Seland, P. Stier, and T. Takemura (2006) Radiative forcing by aerosols as derived from the AeroCom present-day and pre-industrial simulations. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 5225-5246.
  84. Textor, C., M. Schulz, S. Guibert, S. Kinne, Y. Balkanski, S. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, R. Easter, H. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, L. Horowitz, P. Huang, I. Isaksen, T. Iversen, S. Kloster, D. Koch, A. Kirkevåg, J.E. Kristjansson, M. Krol, A. Lauer, J.F. Lamarque, X. Liu, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, Ø. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, and X. Tie (2006) Analysis and quantification of the diversities of aerosol life cycles within AeroCom. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 1777-1813.
  85. Kinne, S., M. Schulz, C. Textor, S. Guibert, Y. Balkanski, S.E. Bauer, T. Berntsen, T.F. Berglen, O. Boucher, M. Chin, W. Collins, F. Dentener, T. Diehl, R. Easter, J. Feichter, D. Fillmore, S. Ghan, P. Ginoux, S. Gong, A. Grini, J. Hendricks, M. Herzog, L. Horowitz, I. Isaksen, T. Iversen, A. Kirkevåg, S. Kloster, D. Koch, J.E. Kristjansson, M. Krol, A. Lauer, J.F. Lamarque, G. Lesins, X. Liu, U. Lohmann, V. Montanaro, G. Myhre, J. Penner, G. Pitari, S. Reddy, O. Seland, P. Stier, T. Takemura, and X. Tie (2006) An AeroCom initial assessment optical properties in aerosol component modules of global models. Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics, 6, 1815-1834.
  86. Liu, X., J. E. Penner, and M. Herzog (2005) Global simulation of aerosol dynamics: Model description, evaluation, and interactions between sulfate and nonsulfate aerosols. Journal of Geophysical Research, 110, No. D18, D18206, doi:10.1029/2004JD005674.
  87. Liu, X., and J. E. Penner (2005) Ice nucleation parameterization for global models. Meteorologische Zeitschrift, 14, No.4, 499-514.
  88. Feng, Y., J. E. Penner, S. Sillman, and X. Liu (2004) The effect of cloud overlap in photochemical models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 109, D04310, doi:10.1029/2003JD004040.
  89. Menon, S., Brenguier, J.-L., Boucher, O., Davison, P, Del Genio, A. D., Feichter, J., Ghan, S., Guibert, S., X. Liu, Lohmann, U., Pawlowska, H., Penner, J.E., Quaas, J., Roberts, D. L., Schüller, L., Snider, J. (2003) Evaluating aerosol/cloud/radiation process parameterizations with single-column models and Second Aerosol Characterization Experiment (ACE-2) cloudy column observations. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, No. D24, 4762, doi:10.1029/2003JD003902.
  90. Kreidenweis, S. M., C. Walcek, C.-H. Kim, G. Feingold, W. Gong, M. Jacobson, X. Liu, J. E. Penner, A. Nenes, and J. H. Seinfeld (2003) Modification of aerosol mass and size distribution due to aqueous-phase SO2 oxidation in clouds: Comparisons of several models. Journal of Geophysical Research, 108, No.D7, 4213, doi:1029/2002JD002679.
  91. Liu, X., and J. E. Penner (2002) Effect of Mt. Pinatubo H2SO4/H2O aerosol on ice nucleation in the upper troposphere using a global chemistry and transport model (IMPACT). Journal of Geophysical Research, 107, doi:10.1029/2001JD000455.
  92. Lin, R.-F., D. O'C. Starr, P. DeMott, R. Cotton, K. Sassen, E. Jensen, B. Kaercher, and X. Liu (2002) Cirrus parcel model comparison project phase 1: The critical components to sim­ulate cirrus initiation explicitly. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences, 59, No.15, 2305-2329.
  93. Liu, X., D. A. Hegg, and M. Stoelinga (2001) Modeling study of new particle formation over the northwestern Atlantic using the PSU/NCAR MM5 coupled with a sulfur chemistry. Journal of Geophysical Research, 106, D9, pp. 9697-9716.
  94. Li, Bing, X. Liu, and Z. Hong (2001) The role of 3-D convective cloud transport in the redistributions of the tropospheric photochemical species and chemistry effects. China Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 25, 260-268 (in Chinese).
  95. Liu, X. et al. (2000) Analysis of atmospheric boundary layer O3, NOX, CO observed on the Beijing 325-m Meteorological Tower during the Autumn Seasons. Progress in Natural Sciences, 10, 338-342 (in Chinese).
  96. Li, B., X. Liu, and Z. Hong (2000) A study of the impact of cumulus cloud upon sulfur dioxide and sulfate aerosol. Climate and Environmental Research, 5, 20-24 (in Chinese).
  97. Liu, Y., X. Liu et al. (2000) Measurements of O3 and NOX in urban atmospheric boundary layer of Beijing during a passage of cold front. China Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 24, 165-172.
  98. Liu, X. et al. (1999) Meteorological and chemical parameters determining the photochemical air pollution in Beijing. Climate and Environmental Research, 4, 231-236 (in Chinese).
  99. Liu, X., and W. Seidl (1998) Modeling study of cloud droplet nucleation and in-cloud sulfate production during the SANA 2 campaign. Journal of Geophysical Research, 103, D13, 16145-16158.
  100. Liu, X., G. Mauserberger, and D. Moeller (1997) The effects of cloud processes on the tropospheric photochemistry: An improvement of the EURAD model with a coupled gaseous and aqueous chemical mechanisms. Atmospheric Environment, 31, 3119-3135.
  101. Liu, X., and M. Wang (1996) A parameterization of efficiency of nucleation scavenging of aerosols and some related physico-chemical factors. Atmospheric Environment, 30, 2335-2341.
  102. Liu, X., C. Ren, and M. Wang (1996) Numerical simulation of acidification processes in cold cumulus clouds. Acta Meteorologica Sinica, 10, 96-107.
  103. Liu, X., and Z. Hong (1996) A study of the structure of atmospheric boundary layer during a strong wind in Beijing region. China Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 20, 40-47.
  104. Liu, X., and Z. Hong (1995) Transilient turbulence theory for unevenly-spaced grids and its applications to the modeling of atmospheric boundary layer. China Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, 19, 207-218.
  105. Liu, X., Z. Hong, and M. Wang (1995) Chemical effects of nucleation scavenging of aerosol particles, II. The effect of cloud dynamics on the chemical inhomogeneities among cloud droplets. China Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 19, pp. 1-8.
  106. Liu, X., Z. Hong, and M. Wang (1994) Chemical effects of nucleation scavenging of aerosol particles, I. Chemical inhomogeneities among cloud droplets. China Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 18, pp. 219-230.
  107. Liu, X., R. Wu, Z. Hong, and M. Wang (1994) The effects of nucleation scavenging of aerosol particles on cloud droplet chemistry. Science in China (Series B), Vol. 24, pp. 748-756 (in Chinese).
  108. Liu, X., C. Ren, and M. Wang (1994) A study on the production rate of sulfate aerosol resulting from the evaporation of raindrops falling below the cloudbase. China Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 18, pp.199-208.
  109. Wang, M., X. Liu, and C. Ren (1994) Numerical simulation of scavenging and acidification of cumulus cloud. China Journal of Atmospheric Sciences, Vol. 18, pp. 99-108.
  110. Wang, M., C. Ren, X. Liu, and X. Wang (1993) A numerical study on the precipitation and seeding effects of convective cells embedded in the stratiform cloud, Journal of Nanjing University (special issue on the study of dry climate in Guanxi Area and artificial weather modification), pp. 122-126 (in Chinese).
  111. Liu, X. (1992) Cloud chemistry model and some consequential advances in its researches. Meteorology Monthly, Vol. 18, pp. 3-10 (in Chinese).
  112. Liu, X., and M. Wang (1992) Physico-chemical scavenging factors in the gaseous pollutants below clouds. Journal of Nanjing Institute of Meteorology, Vol. 15, pp. 30-36 (in Chinese).
  113. Wang, M., and X. Liu (1990) A study of sulfate formation in a convective cloud. Scientia Meteorologica Sinica, Vol. 10, pp. 157-165 (in Chinese).
  114. Wang, M., X. Liu, and H. Yang (1988) The scavenging of SO2 by raindrops below cloudbase. Scientia Meteorologica Sinica, Vol. 8, No.3, pp. 27-36 (in Chinese).
  115. Wang, M., and X. Liu (1988) The coalescence, bounce and breakup after collision of two waterdrops. Scientia Meteorologica Sinica, Vol. 8, No.1, pp. 66-74 (in Chinese).

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