GROWTH HABIT: Erect Perennial, numerous stems, spreading by seed and deep-seated rootstocks.
LEAVES: Alternate, lance shaped, bright green to gray-green, waxy, smooth to toothed margins, basal leaves larger than upper leaves.
STEMS: Branched, smooth, waxy, 1-3 ft. tall.
FLOWER: Raceme of small white flowers in dense clusters near branch ends.
ROOTS: Deep-seated and spreading.
SEEDS: Small, rounded, flattened, slightly hairy, 1/16 inch long, reddish brown.
OTHER: Deep roots make it difficult to control.