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Featured Presentation

Revitalizing Indigenous languages


Location: 424
Target Audience: K-12

Abstract: Nearly all of the Earth’s 6000 indigenous languages are in decline and will soon die.   Tribes around the world are fighting back.  At St. Stephens Indian School, we are trying to revitalize the Arapaho language.This session describes one of many revitalization plans – one which emphasizes immersion.

Panel Speakers:

  • Eugene Ridgely, Elementary/Secondary
  • Janice Goggles, Primary Grades
  • Mike Redman, High School

Panel Moderators:

  • Frank NoRunner, St. Stephens Indian School Superintendent
  • Timothy Rush, Program Director


Speaker Bio:

Tim RushThough Dr. Rush has written more than 100 scholarly papers, chapters, articles, and books, since the mid-1970s, University of Wyoming Professor Emeritus, Dr. Tim Rush remains, first and foremost, a teacher. His students have ranged from preschool children to senior citizens and second language learners, most who struggled mightily in reading and writing. During a 39-year period of work with people of the Wind River Reservation tribes, he has collaborated with UW colleagues and members of local tribes to create distance-education-based programs that enabled certification of Native classroom teachers. He is co-author of the University of Wyoming Teachers of American Indian Children certificate program. This work contributed to his 2009 selection as International Literacy Association’s Jerry Johns Outstanding Teacher Educator in Reading. In retirement he has written two books, American Lion and A Full Circle, for Gemma Media: Boston. The audience for these short works of history-based fiction is adults, young and old, who have not yet achieved fluency in reading. In 2017, four hundred copies of A Full Circle were donated by the publisher, Gemma Media, to schools serving Arapaho students on and near WRR. That book gives an account of the Arapaho experience in 1878-79, when the Tribe was moved onto the Wind River Reservation just as the US government began taking their children away to Carlisle Indian Industrial School in far-off eastern Pennsylvania.


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