|Adult male||Adult female|
Common name - Green-streak grasshopper (Ball et al., 1942).
Geographic distribution - found throughout the United States although subspecies differ in their distribution. It is found throughout Colorado but is recovered most frequently in the eastern part of the state.
Colorado Distribution Map
Habitat - low, marshy meadows (Froeschner, 1954).
Food habits - an oligophagous feeder, feeding only on a select few plants in a geographic area. In Arizona H. viridis is known to feed on snakeweed, burrow weed and rabbit brush. In Idaho it eats plants of the composite family, especially goldenrod and western ragweed (Ball, 1936; Brusven, 1972).
Eggs - eight to 18 eggs are laid in two columns. Color is tan. Average egg length, 4.5 mm; average diameter, 1.1 mm (Onsager and Mulkern, 1963).
Nymph - five instars (Brusven, 1972).
Adult - medium size. General color is green. Face is somewhat
slanted back. Vertex is rounded and very narrow between the eyes. Antennae
are slender. Pronotum is long and slender, the sides almost parallel when
viewed from above. Pronotum may have black transverse incisions (subspecies
viridis) and a pale streak along the median carina. Tegmina and hind wings
are narrow. Tegmina are opaque, pale green, clear at the tip with a pale
longitudinal streak in subspecies viridis. Streak may be absent and tegmen
tip darker in other subspecies. Wings are clear. Front and middle femora
often are tinted with orange. Hind femora have orange band near knee. Hind
tibiae are light blue-green. Male length, 16 to 20 mm; female, 25 mm (Somes,
|Male abdomen tip (Side view)||Male abdomen tip (Top view)|
|Head, pronotum, and tegmina (Common)||Head, pronotum, and tegmina (Possible)|
Oviposition - female digs into soil by holding onto an upright plant and sitting erect. Eggs are deposited while sitting up with the hind femora held at a sharp angle (Criddle, 1933a.)
Seasonal history - adults are present from August through October (Van Horn, 1972).
Abundance and importance - common throughout the Great Plains. It generally causes little damage and may even increase the quality of rangeland in some areas by its feeding habits (Hubbel, 1922a; Brusven, 1972).
H. viridis fact sheet from the Field Guide
to Common Western Grasshoppers
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Biology of Common Colorado Grasshoppers
Grasshoppers of Colorado Contents