This manual was prepared to catalog known grasshopper fauna for New Mexico and to aid in identification of various species known or suspected to occur in the state. As an identification manual, it can define faunal compositions and thus be used to identify potential grasshopper problem spots, as well as provide information that will prevent costly insecticidal control programs for non-economic species. We have included general distribution data, hosts, common names, adult occurrence in time, and any notes that might help identify and determine economic status of a given species. In addition, there is a discussion of the morphology and biology (Lightfoot) and economic and historic aspects (Sutherland) of New Mexico grasshoppers.
The distribution maps, while not complete, should give the reader an
indication of the grasshoppers likely to be encountered in a particular
area. The keys are based on those of Ball et al. (1942), Helfer (1953),
Wallace (1955), Dirsh (1974), Capinera and Sechrist (1982b), and Otte (1981,
1984), as well as modifications and original couplets by Richman, Lightfoot,
and Ferguson. We hope that this work based on adult grasshoppers will be
useful not only for the state of New Mexico, but also for eastern Arizona,
southern Colorado, western Texas, and northern Chihuahua, Mexico.
D.B. Richman: Science Specialist, Department of Entomology, Plant Pathology and Weed Science, New Mexico State University, Las Cruces, NM.
D.C. Lightfoot: Associate Professor of Research, Department of Biology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM.
C.A. Sutherland: Chief, Bureau of Entomology and Nursery Industries, New Mexico Department of Agriculture, Las Cruces, NM.
D.J. Ferguson: 6401B Coors Blvd. SW, Albuquerque, NM.
Lonnie Black: Student Research Assistant, Department of Entomology, Plant, Pathology and Weed Science, New Mexico State University.
Grasshoppers of New Mexico Contents