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Ecosystem Science and Management

Agriculture Building 2013

Department #3354

1000 E. University Ave.

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: (307) 766-2263

Email: esm@uwyo.edu

Ecosystem Science and Management
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Alexandre Latchininsky

Ecosystem Science and Management

Research Project: Schistocerca nitens on Nihoa (HI)

A tiny (63.1 ha) and uninhabited Nihoa Island is situated within the NW chain of small islands of the Hawaiian Archipelago. It is a part of Papahnaumokukea National Marine Monument established in 2006 and jointly administered by NOAA, USFWS, and the State of Hawaii (Department of Land and Natural Resources). The island's known terrestrial biota include 26 vascular plant species, 27 bird species, and 243 arthropod species. Approximately half of the species are endemic to Nihoa or indigenous to Hawaii. Four plant species and two resident bird species are federally listed as threatened or endangered species. Gray bird grasshopper Schistocerca nitens produced an outbreak on Nihoa in 20022004 and denuded most of the island's vegetation. In October 2006, I took part in a 12-day USFWS expedition to Nihoa to assess the threat posed by the grasshopper to the unique island's biota, particularly to endangered Nihoa Millerbird Acrocephalus familiaris kingi.

More about the fascinating Nihoa's biodiversity and S. nitens can be found in the following publications:

Latchininsky A.V., 2008. Grasshopper outbreak challenges conservation status of a small Hawaiian Island. Journal of Insect Conservation 12: 343-357 (also available as a book chapter in: Timothy New (Ed.), 2008. Insect Conservation and Islands, pp. 149-163. Springer) (pdf).

Lockwood J.A. & Latchininsky A.V., 2008. Confessions of an Entomological Hit Man. Conservation Magazine, Vol. 9 No. 3 July-September, pp. 14-19 (pdf).

Lockwood J.A. & Latchininsky A.V., 2008. Philosophical justification for the extirpation of non-indigenous species: the case of the grasshopper Schistocerca nitens (Orthoptera) on the Island of Nihoa, Hawaii. Journal of Insect Conservation 12: 429-445 (also available as a book chapter in: Timothy New (Ed.), 2008. Insect Conservation and Islands, pp. 235-251. Springer) (.pdf)


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Ecosystem Science and Management

Agriculture Building 2013

Department #3354

1000 E. University Ave.

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: (307) 766-2263

Email: esm@uwyo.edu

Ecosystem Science and Management
Find us on Facebook (Link opens a new window)

1000 E. University Ave. Laramie, WY 82071
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