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Diversity, Disturbance and Restoration of Forests in Terai and Siwalik of Central Nepal

Ramesh Prasad Sapkota

Ramesh Prasad Sapkota, University of Wyoming

Publication Date: 2018
Location: Gorkha, Nepal
Who: Personal research, primary data collection, collaboration with forest user groups

Research Question

  • What is the present condition of natural Buffer Zone Community Forests with respect to forest community structure, composition, distribution, and species diversity examined as a function of distance from the boundary lines of the villages?
  • Changes in tree basal area due to management interventions from edges to forest interior.
  • Effectiveness of passive restoration for restoring the degraded lowland forests in Nepal.

Conservation and management of forests, ultimately facilitating the livelihood of local forest user groups.

Methods Used

  • Primary data collection.
  • Passive restoration experiments.
  • Coordination and collaboration with forest user groups and information collection regarding forest uses and ongoing management interventions.


  • Interaction between forest disturbances and management has altered forest composition and structure as a function of distance from human settlements.
  • Passive restoration is a successful strategy in managing lowland forests of Nepal.

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