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Students Learn Motivational Interviewing Skills through Fishbowl Activity
Carol J. Hermansen-Kobulnicky, Ph.D., R.Ph., associate professor of social and administrative pharmacy, held two "fishbowl" activities as lab experiences in the Patient/Professional Interactions course this year. Students played the role of pharmacist together (in groups of two or three) with a simulated patient to address that patient's behavioral change need. Fellow students and the facilitators (course instructor and master's student in social work) sat encircling them as active observers.
"We focused on applying Motivational Interviewing skills," says Kobulnicky. "'Time outs' were used by the facilitators to provide opportunities to discuss and reflect on the use of Motivational Interviewing skills by the 'pharmacists' and to consider what the patient was communicating and needing from the pharmacist. Observers were asked for their input wherein they were able to inform the pharmacist-patient communication, offering insights about how the conversation was unfolding."
Those assisting with the efforts this year included: P3 Jennifer Steiner, Laboratory Coordinator David Bruch, Pharm.D., master's students in counseling psychology Craig Laudicina and Scharen Collingwood, and master's student in social work Meghan Brown.
"In this sense, it served as a unique interprofessional education opportunity," Kobulnicky adds. "The pharmacy students were able to realize that counseling psychology and social work use the same Motivational Interviewing skills, while the master's students were able to learn that pharmacy students are taught this as well—learning of each other's roles and responsibilities is part of a set of core competencies recently developed by the Interprofessional Education Collaborative."