Skip to Main Content

Apply Now to the University of Wyoming apply now

Forage Identification: Buffalograss

Department of Plant Sciences

Buffalograss  (Bochloe dactyloides (Nutt.) Engelm.)

Warm season, native, perennial grass. Adapted to dry, medium to heavy upland soils. Tolerates drought and alkaline soils. Heat and cold resistant.



Growth Habitat:
Sod forming grass that spreads by stolons that produce fine, erect, smooth stems at nodes.


Plant Characteristics:
Leaf blades are narrow, relatively short and curled. Sheaths are smooth with a few marginal hairs at the collar. The ligule is membranous and has a fringe of hairs. The panicle of male plants has  1 to 4 spikelike branches and 6 to 12 spikelets per branch. Female plants have bur-like clusters located near the middle of the stem. Develop dense mat of fine fibrous roots.

Seed Characteristics:

Important Identifying Characteristics: 
Grass that spreads by stolons. Male and female flowers produced on separate plants. Leaf blades are gray-green, rather short and narrow.


Primary Uses:
Pasture, soil conservation and low maintenance turf in drier areas of US.

1000 E. University Ave. Laramie, WY 82071
UW Operators (307) 766-1121 | Contact Us | Download Adobe Reader

Accreditation | Virtual Tour | Emergency Preparedness | Employment at UW | Privacy Policy | Harassment & Discrimination | Accessibility Accessibility information icon