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Forage Identification: Berseem clover

Department of Plant Sciences

Berseem clover (Trifolium alexandrinum L.)


Winter annual. There is a winter hardy variety. Tolerant of alkaline soil.  More tolerant of wet soil than most annuals. Particularly well suited for use in non-acid Black Belt soils and in high rainfall areas near the Gulf Coast.

Berseem clover

Growth Habitat:
Winter annual. Resembles alfalfa.Hollow stems grow erect to a height of 2 feet or more. 

Plant Characteristics:
Non-hairy elongated leaflets. White flowers form small heads.

Seed Characteristics:
Seed is small. Egg-shaped, reddish brown and about one-twelfth of an inch long.

Berseem clover seed

Important Identifying Characteristics:
Resembles alfalfa. White flowers from small heads.

Primary Uses:
Hay and pasture. High quality. Rarely causes bloat.

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