The word "science" often brings up all the facts, theories, laws, and principles taught in science class. In reality, those things are produced through science, but they are not science themselves.
Science is not a collection of things; it is not a noun. Science is a verb!
Science is an active process of learning, and the scientific method guides scientists as they do science (designing, carrying out, analyzing and explaining their research).
Every time someone wonders, “What would happen if I…”
- ...build a big jump for a bicycle and rode over it going really fast?
- ...mix a bunch of items in the kitchen together and put them in the oven?
These ideas (not recommended for science fair projects), illustrate how naturally people use the scientific method.
Every observation about something, every question based on those observations, and every action that "tests" the questions is the scientific method in action!
The components of scientific method:
Analysis and Results
Here is a specific example of how a wildlife ecologist uses the scientific method.