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Bureau of Mines Building, Room 137

Laramie

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: (307) 766-2929

Email: cbaldwin@uwyo.edu

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UW Extension Sheep Specialist Shepherds Savory Showdown

May 24, 2019
people carving leg of lamb
Jaelyn Whaley, left, and Nicole McKibben prep two leg of lamb samples for taste testing in a cooking competition between University of Wyoming sheep specialist Whit Stewart and UW Meat Lab Manager Kelcey Christensen. (UW Photo)

The caramelized and long-cooked leg of lamb, skewered marinated kabobs, chops and slow-cooked shoulder meat brought into the classroom were the tip of the iceberg in the animal science class at the University of Wyoming.

Officially titled “Advanced Sheep Production Management,” the course description states the spring semester class integrates animal breeding, nutrition and reproductive physiology in sheep production management schemes.

Unofficially, Assistant Professor Whit Stewart navigates students from the hoof to slaughter, eventually to the portions of lamb the more than 30 students and a few others would critique as part of the class final.

Stewart shepherds UW Department of Animal Science students through the lambing shed, lamb feeding, how to body condition score sheep, diseases, how to evaluate wool, and seeing the carcasses on the rail. The meat served during this particular day was from carcasses judged at the recent state 4-H and FFA meats contest in Laramie and an earlier carcass evaluation portion of the class.

Stewart says having students involved from hoof-to-plate preparation is a unique aspect of the class.

“They get everything related to the industry,” he says. “Today was the lamb preparation lab final. When you look across the country, sheep production classes usually don’t focus on that, but it’s a good way to end the semester and engage them in a different way than we have the previous few weeks.”

Enrollment continues to grow in the class and other sheep-specific curriculum.

Recent data, Stewart says, show more millennials are interested in eating lamb due to its unique flavor profile and versatility in traditional and ethnic culinary applications. In general, lamb has a unique, robust flavor compared to beef and can be influenced by breed, country of origin and the sheep diet.

About 5 million head of sheep were raised in 2016 in the U.S., according to the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). There were about 360,000 in Wyoming; the state ranks fourth in total sheep and lamb production and third in breeding sheep numbers. Wyoming’s sheep industry has grown 4 percent since 2015, according to the recently released Census of Agriculture.

Stewart has described Wyoming as the wine country of the nation’s sheep country for wool. The state produced the highest-valued wool clip in 2017 ($4.4 million or $2 a pound), according to USDA-National Agricultural Statistics Service Information Sheep and Goat Report estimates released in 2018. Utah was second at $4.1 million in total value.

“People come from all over the world to buy our wool,” he says.

Stewart adds that many of the state’s sheep producers express on Facebook pages an appreciation of how many students are in the sheep production class.

“I’m taken aback they are taken aback there is interest in the industry,” says Stewart, the UW Extension sheep specialist. “We are working with an extremely productive livestock species that provides meat and wool on very low-input resources. Why shouldn’t there be interest? But I think it reflects the millennial demographic. They are more willing to try lamb, and we are also seeing in our ag students an open mind to add sheep to an existing enterprise.”

Students were broken into groups of five, and Stewart assigned each group a choice of three recipes from the American Lamb Board to prepare under the scrutiny of other class members. Stewart wanted to target different nontraditional, lower-price point muscle cuts and their preparation. Food was judged on external and internal visual appearance, aroma, presentation of the product, taste, tenderness and other aspects.

Stewart wanted to highlight recipes that go beyond the lamb burger and lamb chop.

“A lot of cuts we can prepare similar to how we prepare beef -- braised, slow cooked, marinated kabobs,” he says. “We wanted to highlight the diversity so they would, one, know of the great recipe resources at the American Lamb Board, and two, advocate for more lamb products.”

The students prepared braised shoulders, lamb chops, ground lamb and leg of lamb recipes:

-- Smoked American leg of lamb with Texas-style dry rub.

-- Slow-roasted lamb shoulder with pomegranate apricot glaze.

-- Southwestern lamb shoulder roasted.

-- Tzatziki stuffed American lamb burgers.

-- Greek lamb burgers with tzatziki grilled red onions.

These and many others can be found at https://www.americanlamb.com/consumer/.

 

Contact Us

Institutional Communications

Bureau of Mines Building, Room 137

Laramie

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: (307) 766-2929

Email: cbaldwin@uwyo.edu

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