(Carduus nutans L.)

GROWTH HABIT: Biennial, or winter annual, erect up to 7' tall. Freely branching. Rosette formed 1st year, flowering stem elongates 2nd year.

LEAVES: Dark green with light midrib, hairless on both sides, long sharp spines.

STEMS: Hairless.

FLOWER: Solitary, terminal, nodding heads, 1-1/2" to 3" in diameter, deep rose to violet to purple.

ROOTS: Fleshy taproot, hollow near ground surface.

SEEDS: Can be in excess of 20,000 per plant with 90 percent viable. 90 percent may germinate in first two years. Seeds may germinate after 10 years in soil.

OTHER: Reproduce by seed only.

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