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Leonard Research Group

Department of Chemistry #3838

1000 E. University Ave.

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: 307 766 4137

Fax: 307 766 2807

Email: bleonar5 at

Leonard Research Group


36. Tannir, S., Levintov, L., Townley, M. A., Leonard, B. M., Kubelka, J., Vashisth, H., Varga, K., Balaz, M. (2020). Functional Nanoassemblies with Mirror-Image Chiroptical Properties Templated by a Single Homochiral DNA Strand. ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces, in press

35. Harris, D., Budhi, S., She, Y., Henry, J., & Leonard, B. M. (2019). Biomass derived metal carbide catalysts formed using a salt flux synthesis. Materials Research Express, 6(11).

34. Schmuecker, S. M., Clouser, D., Kraus, T. J., & Leonard, B. M. (2017). Synthesis of metastable chromium carbide nanomaterials and their electrocatalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Dalton Transactions, 46(39), 13524–13530.

33. Stacy, J., Yost, A. J., Regmi, Y. N., Leonard, B., Chien, T. Y., & Fan, M. (2017). A Facile Synthesis of Highly Stable Modified Carbon Nanotubes as Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts. ChemistrySelect, 2(5), 1932–1938.

32. Hilman, J., Yost, A. J., Tang, J., Leonard, B., & Chien, T. Y. (2017). Low temperature growth of CuO nanowires through direct oxidation. Nano-Structures and Nano-Objects, 11, 124–128.

31. Stacy, J., Regmi, Y. N., Leonard, B., & Fan, M. (2017). The recent progress and future of oxygen reduction reaction catalysis: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 69, 401–414.

30. Varga, K., Tannir, S., Haynie, B. E., Leonard, B. M., Dzyuba, S. V., Kubelka, J., & Balaz, M. (2017). CdSe Quantum Dots Functionalized with Chiral, Thiol-Free Carboxylic Acids: Unraveling Structural Requirements for Ligand-Induced Chirality. ACS Nano, 11(10), 9846–9853.

29. Leonard, B. M., Waetzig, G. R., Clouser, D. A., Schmuecker, S. M., Harris, D. P., Stacy, J. M., Duffee, K. D., Wan, C. (2016). Salt flux synthesis of single and bimetallic carbide nanowires. Materials Research Express, 3(7), 074002.

28. Saha, S., Martin, B., Leonard, B., & Li, D. (2016). Probing synergetic effects between platinum nanoparticles deposited: Via atomic layer deposition and a molybdenum carbide nanotube support through surface characterization and device performance. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4(23), 9253–9265.

27. Choi, J. K., Haynie, B. E., Tohgha, U., Pap, L., Elliott, K. W., Leonard, B. M., Dzyuba, S., Varga, K., Kubelka, J., Balaz, M. (2016). Chirality Inversion of CdSe and CdS Quantum Dots without Changing the Stereochemistry of the Capping Ligand. ACS Nano, 10(3), 3809–3815.

26. Regmi, Y. N., Wan, C., Duffee, K. D., & Leonard, B. M. (2015). Nanocrystalline Mo2C as a Bifunctional Water Splitting Electrocatalyst. ChemCatChem, 7(23), 3911–3915.

25. Regmi, Y. N., Waetzig, G. R., Duffee, K. D., Schmuecker, S. M., Thode, J. M., & Leonard, B. M. (2015). Carbides of group IVA, VA and VIA transition metals as alternative HER and ORR catalysts and support materials. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3(18), 10085–10091.

24. Schmuecker, S. M., & Leonard, B. M. (2015). Formation mechanism of nanostructured metal carbides via salt-flux synthesis. Inorganic Chemistry, 54(8), 3889–3895.

23. Wan, C., & Leonard, B. M. (2015). Iron-Doped Molybdenum Carbide Catalyst with High Activity and Stability for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. Chemistry of Materials, 27(12), 4281–4288.

22. Saha, S. R., Witters, Z. E., Leonard, B. M., & Li, D. (2015). Surface Characterization and Platinum-like Electrocatalytic Activity of Nano-Scale Platinum Deposited on Transition Metal Carbide Nanotubes via Atomic Layer Deposition. In ECS Transactions (Vol. 69, pp. 77–89).

21. Wan, C., Regmi, Y. N., & Leonard, B. M. (2014). Multiple phases of molybdenum carbide as electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition, 53(25), 6407–6410.

20. Regmi, Y. N., & Leonard, B. M. (2014). General synthesis method for bimetallic carbides of group VIIIA first row transition metals with molybdenum and tungsten. Chemistry of Materials, 26(8), 2609–2616.

19. Sargsyan, G., Leonard, B. M., Kubelka, J., & Balaz, M. (2014). Supramolecular ssDNA templated porphyrin and metalloporphyrin nanoassemblies with tunable helicity. Chemistry - A European Journal, 20(7), 1878–1892.

18. Tohgha, U., Deol, K. K., Porter, A. G., Bartko, S. G., Choi, J. K., Leonard, B. M., Varga, K., Kubelka, J., Muller, G. Balaz, M. (2013). Ligand induced circular dichroism and circularly polarized luminescence in cdse quantum dots. ACS Nano, 7(12), 11094–11102.

17. Ruddy, D. A., Reid, O. G., Leonard, B. M., Pylypenko, S., & Neale, N. R. (2013). Non-aqueous thermolytic route to oxynitride photomaterials using molecular precursors Ti(OtBu)4 and N≡Mo(OtBu) 3. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 1(45), 14066–14070.

16. Wan, C., Knight, N. A., & Leonard, B. M. (2013). Crystal structure and morphology control of molybdenum carbide nanomaterials synthesized from an amine-metal oxide composite. Chemical Communications, 49(88), 10409–10411.

15. Dutcher, B., Fan, M., & Leonard, B. (2011). Use of multifunctional nanoporous TiO(OH)2 for catalytic NaHCO3 decomposition-eventually for Na2CO 3/NaHCO3 based CO2 separation technology. Separation and Purification Technology, 80(2), 364–374.

14. Dutcher, B., Fan, M., Leonard, B., Dyar, M. D., Tang, J., Speicher, E. A., Liu, P., Zhang, Y. (2011). Use of nanoporous FeOOH as a catalytic support for NaHCO3 decomposition aimed at reduction of energy requirement of Na2CO 3/NaHCO3 based CO2 separation technology. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 115(31), 15532–15544.

13. Leonard, B. M., Zhou, Q., Wu, D., & Disalvo, F. J. (2011). Facile synthesis of PtNi intermetallic nanoparticles: Influence of reducing agent and precursors on electrocatalytic activity. Chemistry of Materials, 23(5), 1136–1146.

12. Miura, A., Lowe, M., Leonard, B. M., Subban, C. V., Masubuchi, Y., Kikkawa, S., Dronskowski, R., Hennig, R. G., Abruña, H. D., Disalvo, F. J. (2011). Silver delafossite nitride, AgTaN2? Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 184(1), 7–11.

11. Reckeweg, O., Schulz, A., Leonarda, B., & DiSalvo, F. J. (2010). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of Na[OCN] at 170 K and its vibrational spectra. Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung - Section B Journal of Chemical Sciences, 65(4), 528–532.

10. Ghosh, T., Leonard, B. M., Zhou, Q., & Disalvo, F. J. (2010). Pt alloy and intermetallic phases with V, Cr, Mn, Ni, and Cu: Synthesis as nanomaterials and possible applications as fuel cell catalysts. Chemistry of Materials, 22(7), 2190–2202.

9.Subban, C., Zhou, Q., Leonard, B., Ranjan, C., Edvenson, H. M., DiSalvo, F. J., Munie, S., Hunting, J. (2010). Catalyst supports for polymer electrolyte fuel cells. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368(1923), 3243–3253.

8. Leonard, B. M., Anderson, M. E., Oyler, K. D., Phan, T. H., & Schaak, R. E. (2009). Orthogonal reactivity of metal and multimetal nanostructures for selective, stepwise, and spatially-controlled solid-state modification. ACS Nano, 3(4), 940–948.

7. Miura, A., Wang, H., Leonard, B. M., Abruña, H. D., & DiSalvo, F. J. (2009). Synthesis of intermetallic PtZn nanoparticles by reaction of Pt nanoparticles with Zn vapor and their application as fuel cell catalysts. Chemistry of Materials, 21(13), 2661–2667.
6. Dawood, F., Leonard, B. M., & Schaak, R. E. (2007). Oxidative transformation of intermetallic nanoparticles: An alternative pathway to metal/oxide nanocomposites, textured ceramics, and nanocrystalline multimetal. Chemistry of Materials, 19(18), 4545–4550.

5. Leonard, B. M., & Schaak, R. E. (2006). Multistep solution-mediated formation of AuCuSn2: Mechanistic insights for the guided design of intermetallic solid-state materials and complex multimetal nanocrystals. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128(35), 11475–11482.

4. Aakeröy, C. B., Deeper, J., Leonard, B., & Urbina, J. F. (2005). Toward high-yielding supramolecular synthesis: Directed assembly of ditopic imidazoles/benzimidazoles and dicarboxylic acids into cocrystals via selective O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds. Crystal Growth and Design, 5(3), 865–873.

3. Schaak, R. E., Sra, A. K., Leonard, B. M., Cable, R. E., Bauer, J. C., Han, Y. F., Means, J., Teizer, W., Vasquez, Y., Funck, E. S. (2005). Metallurgy in a beaker: Nanoparticle toolkit for the rapid low-temperature solution synthesis of functional multimetallic solid-state materials. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 127(10), 3506–3515.

2. Leonard, B. M., Bhuvanesh, N. S. P., & Schaak, R. E. (2005). Low-temperature polyol synthesis of AuCuSn2 and AuNiSn 2: Using solution chemistry to access ternary intermetallic compounds as nanocrystals. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 127(20), 7326–7327.
1. Schaak, R. E., Cable, R. E., Leonard, B. M., & Norris, B. C. (2004). Colloidal crystal microarrays and two-dimensional superstructures: A versatile approach for patterned surface assembly. Langmuir, 20(17), 7293–7297.

Contact Us

Leonard Research Group

Department of Chemistry #3838

1000 E. University Ave.

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: 307 766 4137

Fax: 307 766 2807

Email: bleonar5 at

1000 E. University Ave. Laramie, WY 82071
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