Leonard Research Group


41. Invited book chapter Leonard, B. M. “Metal carbide materials for water splitting catalysis” Encyclopedia of Inorganic and Bioinorganic Chemistry – accepted

40. Rane, K., Adams, J. J., Thode, J. M., Leonard, B. M., Huo, J., Goual, L. (2021) “Multistep Fractionation of Coal and Application for Graphene Synthesis” ACS Omega, 6, 25,16573-16583. doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.1c01614

39. Masi, C. A., Schumacher, T.A., Hilman, J., Dulal, R., Rimal, G., Xu, B., Leonard, B.M., Tang, J., Fan, M., Chien, T. (2021) “Converting raw coal powder into polycrystalline nano-graphite by metal-assisted microwave treatment” Nano Structures and Nano Objects, 25, 100660. doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoso.2020.100660

38. P. Samarawickrama, R. Dulal, Z. Fu, U. Erugu, W. Wang, J.F. Ackerman, B.M. Leonard, J. Tang, T. Chien, J Tian (2021) “Observation of Superconductivity in Two-dimensional 2M-WS2 Thin Layers" ACS Omega, 6 (4), 2966-2972 doi.org/10.1021/acsomega.0c05327

37. A.I. Smith, H.V. Wladkowski, Z.H. Hecht, Y. She, S. Kattel, P.I. Samarawickrama, S.R. Rich, J.R. Murphy, J. Tian, J.F. Ackerman, W.D. Rice, E.B. Hulley and B.M. Leonard (2020) “Alkali Metal Intercalation and Reduction of Layered WO2Cl2” Chemistry of Materials, 32 (24), 10482-10488 doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.0c03270

36. Tannir, S., Levintov, L., Townley, M. A., Leonard, B. M., Kubelka, J., Vashisth, H., Varga, K., Balaz, M. (2020). Functional Nanoassemblies with Mirror-Image Chiroptical Properties Templated by a Single Homochiral DNA Strand. Chemistry of Materials, 32 (6) 2272-2281  doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.9b04092

35. Harris, D., Budhi, S., She, Y., Henry, J., & Leonard, B. M. (2019). Biomass derived metal carbide catalysts formed using a salt flux synthesis. Materials Research Express, 6(11). doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/ab484f

34. Schmuecker, S. M., Clouser, D., Kraus, T. J., & Leonard, B. M. (2017). Synthesis of metastable chromium carbide nanomaterials and their electrocatalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Dalton Transactions, 46(39), 13524–13530. doi.org/10.1039/c7dt01404j

33. Stacy, J., Yost, A. J., Regmi, Y. N., Leonard, B., Chien, T. Y., & Fan, M. (2017). A Facile Synthesis of Highly Stable Modified Carbon Nanotubes as Efficient Oxygen Reduction Reaction Catalysts. ChemistrySelect, 2(5), 1932–1938. doi.org/10.1002/slct.201600810

32. Hilman, J., Yost, A. J., Tang, J., Leonard, B., & Chien, T. Y. (2017). Low temperature growth of CuO nanowires through direct oxidation. Nano-Structures and Nano-Objects, 11, 124–128. doi.org/10.1016/j.nanoso.2017.08.004

31. Stacy, J., Regmi, Y. N., Leonard, B., & Fan, M. (2017). The recent progress and future of oxygen reduction reaction catalysis: A review. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 69, 401–414. doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.09.135

30. Varga, K., Tannir, S., Haynie, B. E., Leonard, B. M., Dzyuba, S. V., Kubelka, J., & Balaz, M. (2017). CdSe Quantum Dots Functionalized with Chiral, Thiol-Free Carboxylic Acids: Unraveling Structural Requirements for Ligand-Induced Chirality. ACS Nano, 11(10), 9846–9853. doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.7b03555

29. Leonard, B. M., Waetzig, G. R., Clouser, D. A., Schmuecker, S. M., Harris, D. P., Stacy, J. M., Duffee, K. D., Wan, C. (2016). Salt flux synthesis of single and bimetallic carbide nanowires. Materials Research Express, 3(7), 074002. doi.org/10.1088/2053-1591/3/7/074002

28. Saha, S., Martin, B., Leonard, B., & Li, D. (2016). Probing synergetic effects between platinum nanoparticles deposited: Via atomic layer deposition and a molybdenum carbide nanotube support through surface characterization and device performance. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 4(23), 9253–9265. doi.org/10.1039/c6ta03198f

27. Choi, J. K., Haynie, B. E., Tohgha, U., Pap, L., Elliott, K. W., Leonard, B. M., Dzyuba, S., Varga, K., Kubelka, J., Balaz, M. (2016). Chirality Inversion of CdSe and CdS Quantum Dots without Changing the Stereochemistry of the Capping Ligand. ACS Nano, 10(3), 3809–3815. doi.org/10.1021/acsnano.6b00567

26. Regmi, Y. N., Wan, C., Duffee, K. D., & Leonard, B. M. (2015). Nanocrystalline Mo2C as a Bifunctional Water Splitting Electrocatalyst. ChemCatChem, 7(23), 3911–3915. doi.org/10.1002/cctc.201500677

25. Regmi, Y. N., Waetzig, G. R., Duffee, K. D., Schmuecker, S. M., Thode, J. M., & Leonard, B. M. (2015). Carbides of group IVA, VA and VIA transition metals as alternative HER and ORR catalysts and support materials. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 3(18), 10085–10091. doi.org/10.1039/c5ta01296a

24. Schmuecker, S. M., & Leonard, B. M. (2015). Formation mechanism of nanostructured metal carbides via salt-flux synthesis. Inorganic Chemistry, 54(8), 3889–3895. doi.org/10.1021/acs.inorgchem.5b00059

23. Wan, C., & Leonard, B. M. (2015). Iron-Doped Molybdenum Carbide Catalyst with High Activity and Stability for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction. Chemistry of Materials, 27(12), 4281–4288. doi.org/10.1021/acs.chemmater.5b00621

22. Saha, S. R., Witters, Z. E., Leonard, B. M., & Li, D. (2015). Surface Characterization and Platinum-like Electrocatalytic Activity of Nano-Scale Platinum Deposited on Transition Metal Carbide Nanotubes via Atomic Layer Deposition. In ECS Transactions (Vol. 69, pp. 77–89). doi.org/10.1149/06917.0077ecst

21. Wan, C., Regmi, Y. N., & Leonard, B. M. (2014). Multiple phases of molybdenum carbide as electrocatalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction. Angewandte Chemie - International Edition, 53(25), 6407–6410. doi.org/10.1002/anie.201402998

20. Regmi, Y. N., & Leonard, B. M. (2014). General synthesis method for bimetallic carbides of group VIIIA first row transition metals with molybdenum and tungsten. Chemistry of Materials, 26(8), 2609–2616. doi.org/10.1021/cm500076v

19. Sargsyan, G., Leonard, B. M., Kubelka, J., & Balaz, M. (2014). Supramolecular ssDNA templated porphyrin and metalloporphyrin nanoassemblies with tunable helicity. Chemistry - A European Journal, 20(7), 1878–1892. doi.org/10.1002/chem.201304153

18. Tohgha, U., Deol, K. K., Porter, A. G., Bartko, S. G., Choi, J. K., Leonard, B. M., Varga, K., Kubelka, J., Muller, G. Balaz, M. (2013). Ligand induced circular dichroism and circularly polarized luminescence in cdse quantum dots. ACS Nano, 7(12), 11094–11102. doi.org/10.1021/nn404832f

17. Ruddy, D. A., Reid, O. G., Leonard, B. M., Pylypenko, S., & Neale, N. R. (2013). Non-aqueous thermolytic route to oxynitride photomaterials using molecular precursors Ti(OtBu)4 and N≡Mo(OtBu) 3. Journal of Materials Chemistry A, 1(45), 14066–14070. doi.org/10.1039/c3ta13317f

16. Wan, C., Knight, N. A., & Leonard, B. M. (2013). Crystal structure and morphology control of molybdenum carbide nanomaterials synthesized from an amine-metal oxide composite. Chemical Communications, 49(88), 10409–10411. doi.org/10.1039/c3cc46551a

15. Dutcher, B., Fan, M., & Leonard, B. (2011). Use of multifunctional nanoporous TiO(OH)2 for catalytic NaHCO3 decomposition-eventually for Na2CO 3/NaHCO3 based CO2 separation technology. Separation and Purification Technology, 80(2), 364–374. doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2011.05.022

14. Dutcher, B., Fan, M., Leonard, B., Dyar, M. D., Tang, J., Speicher, E. A., Liu, P., Zhang, Y. (2011). Use of nanoporous FeOOH as a catalytic support for NaHCO3 decomposition aimed at reduction of energy requirement of Na2CO 3/NaHCO3 based CO2 separation technology. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 115(31), 15532–15544. doi.org/10.1021/jp204899r

13. Leonard, B. M., Zhou, Q., Wu, D., & Disalvo, F. J. (2011). Facile synthesis of PtNi intermetallic nanoparticles: Influence of reducing agent and precursors on electrocatalytic activity. Chemistry of Materials, 23(5), 1136–1146. doi.org/10.1021/cm1024876

12. Miura, A., Lowe, M., Leonard, B. M., Subban, C. V., Masubuchi, Y., Kikkawa, S., Dronskowski, R., Hennig, R. G., Abruña, H. D., Disalvo, F. J. (2011). Silver delafossite nitride, AgTaN2? Journal of Solid State Chemistry, 184(1), 7–11. doi.org/10.1016/j.jssc.2010.10.009

11. Reckeweg, O., Schulz, A., Leonarda, B., & DiSalvo, F. J. (2010). Single-crystal X-ray diffraction study of Na[OCN] at 170 K and its vibrational spectra. Zeitschrift Fur Naturforschung - Section B Journal of Chemical Sciences, 65(4), 528–532. doi.org/10.1515/znb-2010-0416

10. Ghosh, T., Leonard, B. M., Zhou, Q., & Disalvo, F. J. (2010). Pt alloy and intermetallic phases with V, Cr, Mn, Ni, and Cu: Synthesis as nanomaterials and possible applications as fuel cell catalysts. Chemistry of Materials, 22(7), 2190–2202. doi.org/10.1021/cm9018474

9.Subban, C., Zhou, Q., Leonard, B., Ranjan, C., Edvenson, H. M., DiSalvo, F. J., Munie, S., Hunting, J. (2010). Catalyst supports for polymer electrolyte fuel cells. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences, 368(1923), 3243–3253. doi.org/10.1098/rsta.2010.0116

8. Leonard, B. M., Anderson, M. E., Oyler, K. D., Phan, T. H., & Schaak, R. E. (2009). Orthogonal reactivity of metal and multimetal nanostructures for selective, stepwise, and spatially-controlled solid-state modification. ACS Nano, 3(4), 940–948. doi.org/10.1021/nn800892a

7. Miura, A., Wang, H., Leonard, B. M., Abruña, H. D., & DiSalvo, F. J. (2009). Synthesis of intermetallic PtZn nanoparticles by reaction of Pt nanoparticles with Zn vapor and their application as fuel cell catalysts. Chemistry of Materials, 21(13), 2661–2667. doi.org/10.1021/cm900048e

6. Dawood, F., Leonard, B. M., & Schaak, R. E. (2007). Oxidative transformation of intermetallic nanoparticles: An alternative pathway to metal/oxide nanocomposites, textured ceramics, and nanocrystalline multimetal. Chemistry of Materials, 19(18), 4545–4550. doi.org/10.1021/cm071147t

5. Leonard, B. M., & Schaak, R. E. (2006). Multistep solution-mediated formation of AuCuSn2: Mechanistic insights for the guided design of intermetallic solid-state materials and complex multimetal nanocrystals. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 128(35), 11475–11482. doi.org/10.1021/ja062475h

4. Aakeröy, C. B., Deeper, J., Leonard, B., & Urbina, J. F. (2005). Toward high-yielding supramolecular synthesis: Directed assembly of ditopic imidazoles/benzimidazoles and dicarboxylic acids into cocrystals via selective O-H⋯N hydrogen bonds. Crystal Growth and Design, 5(3), 865–873. doi.org/10.1021/cg049682i

3. Schaak, R. E., Sra, A. K., Leonard, B. M., Cable, R. E., Bauer, J. C., Han, Y. F., Means, J., Teizer, W., Vasquez, Y., Funck, E. S. (2005). Metallurgy in a beaker: Nanoparticle toolkit for the rapid low-temperature solution synthesis of functional multimetallic solid-state materials. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 127(10), 3506–3515. doi.org/10.1021/ja043335f

2. Leonard, B. M., Bhuvanesh, N. S. P., & Schaak, R. E. (2005). Low-temperature polyol synthesis of AuCuSn2 and AuNiSn 2: Using solution chemistry to access ternary intermetallic compounds as nanocrystals. Journal of the American Chemical Society, 127(20), 7326–7327. doi.org/10.1021/ja051481v
1. Schaak, R. E., Cable, R. E., Leonard, B. M., & Norris, B. C. (2004). Colloidal crystal microarrays and two-dimensional superstructures: A versatile approach for patterned surface assembly. Langmuir, 20(17), 7293–7297. doi.org/10.1021/la049466b

Contact Us

Leonard Research Group

Department of Chemistry #3838

1000 E. University Ave.

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: 307 766 4137

Fax: 307 766 2807

Email: bleonar5 at uwyo.edu

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