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Carolyn Pepper, Ph.D.

Carolyn Pepper

Professor &
Director of Clinical Training

Self-injury and Suicide

Clinical Psychology


Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook 1995

Pre-doctoral Internship 1994-1995, Tufts University School of Medicine/Boston Department of Veterans Affairs Psychology Internship Consortium

M.A., State University of New York at Stony Brook 1992

B.S., Western Michigan University 1989 • (307) 766-2951 • Bio Sciences Bldg 127


Academic Positions

Professor of Psychology, 2011-present, University of Wyoming

Associate Professor of Psychology, 2005-2011, University of Wyoming

Assistant Professor of Psychology, 2002-2005, University of Wyoming

Assistant Professor of Psychology 1997-2002, Binghamton University, State University of New York

NIMH Postdoctoral Fellow 1995-1997, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical Center


Research Interests

Self-injurious behaviors

Suicide in the Mountain West

Nonsuicidal self-injury and emotion regulation

Self-injurious behaviors in LGBTQ+ individuals



PSYC 4400 - Psychological Testing

PSYC 4500 - Intro to Clinical Psychology

PSYC 5470 - Evidence-based Treatments

PSYC 5450/5460 - Clinical Practicum

Current Graduate Students

Kandice Perry, M.S.

Gabriella Zeller M.S.

Lara Glenn M.P.S., M.S.

Rachael Dumas, B.S.

Daniela Branson, M.S.

Former Graduate Students

Alejandra Reyna, Ph.D. 2021 University of Wyoming: Postdoctoral Fellow, VA South Texas

Mary "Kati" Lear, Ph.D. 2019 University of Wyoming: Clinical Psychologist, Portland Psychotherapy

Brooke Maxfield, Ph.D. 2019 University of Wyoming: Psychologist, Mind, Body, Health, Washington D.C.

Stephanie Bachtelle Stacy, Ph.D. 2018 University of Wyoming: Postdoctoral Fellow, Boise VA Medical Center

Casey Allington, Ph.D. 2017 University of Wyoming: Staff Psychologist, White River Junction VA

Tatyana Kholodkov, Ph.D. 2015 University of Wyoming: Private Practice, Durham, NC

Pooja Saraff, Ph.D. 2015 University of Wyoming: Staff Psychologist, University of Massachusetts Memorial Medical Center

Denis Birgenheir, Ph.D. 2012 University of Wyoming: Local Recovery Coordinator/Staff Psychologist, VA Nebraska/Western Iowa Health Care System

Laura Scharf Yamamoto, Ph.D. 2011 University of Wyoming: Staff Psychologist, Oklahoma City VA Medical Center

Danielle Maack, Ph.D. 2010 University of Wyoming: Associate Professor, University of Mississippi

Jason A. Nieuwsma, Ph.D. 2009 University of Wyoming: Associate Professor in Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, Duke University

Margaret S. Andover, Ph.D. 2006 Binghamton University: Associate Professor, Fordham University

Allison B. Miller, Ph.D. 2006 Binghamton University: Clinical Psychologist, Binghamton Veterans Center

Elizabeth L. Jeglic, Ph.D. 2003 Binghamton University: Professor, John Jay College of Criminal Justice

James W. Griffith, Ph.D. 2004 Binghamton University: Research Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University

Karen A. Ryabchenko, Ph.D. 2003 Binghamton University: Assistant Director, PTSD Clinic, Boston VA

Cho Y. Lam, Ph.D. 2002 Binghamton University: Research Associate Professor, Huntsman Cancer Institute, University of Utah.


Representative Publications

*Lear, M. K., *Perry, K. M., *Stacy, S. E., Canen, E. L., Hime, S. J., & Pepper, C. M. (2020). Differential suicide risk factors in rural middle and high school students. Psychiatry research, 284, 112773.

*Lear, M.K., Wilkowski, B. M. & Pepper, C. M. (2019). The Defective Self Model of Self-injury: A daily diary investigation in self-injuring college students. Behavior Therapy, 50, 1002-1012.

* Lear, M. K., *Kozina, R. M., *Stacy, S. E., Clapp, J. D., & Pepper, C. M. (2019). Interpersonal needs and suicide risk: The moderating roles of sex and brooding, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 75, 1572-1584.

*Stacy, S. E., *Bandel, S. M., *Lear, M. K., & Pepper, C. M. (2018). Before, during, and after self-injury: The practice patterns of NSSI, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 206, 522-527. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000846.

Pepper, C. M. (2017). Suicide in the Mountain West region of the United States, Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention.

 *Stacy, S. E., *Lear, M. K. & Pepper, C. M. (2017). The importance of origin: Differences in interpretation of self-inflicted versus environmentally-inflicted scars. Personality and  Individual Differences, 116, 92-95.

 *Lear, M. K., Pepper, C. M. (2016). Family-based outpatient treatments: A viable alternative to hospitalization for adolescent suicidality, Journal of Family Therapy, 30, 813–827.

*Lear, M. K. & Pepper, C. M. (2016). Self-concept clarity and emotion dysregulation in non-suicidal self-injury. Journal of Personality Disorders, 30, 813-827.

*Bachtelle, S. E. & Pepper, C. M. (2015). The Physical results of self-injury: The meaning behind the scars. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 203, 927-933.

*Saraff, P. D., **Trujillo, N., & Pepper, C. M. (2015). Functions, consequences, and frequency of non-suicidal self-injury, Psychiatric Quarterly, 219, 298-304.

Anastasia, T. T., Humphries-Wadsworth, T., Pepper, C. M., & Pearson, T. M. (2015). Family Centered Brief Intensive Treatment: A Pilot Study of an Outpatient Treatment for Acute Suicidal Ideation, Journal of Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 45, 78-83.

*Saraff, P. D. & Pepper, C. M. (2014). Functions, lifetime frequency, and variety of methods of non-suicidal self-injury among college students, Psychiatry Research, 219, 298-304.

*Birgenheir, B. G., Pepper, C. M., & Johns, M. (2010). Excessive reassurance seeking as a mediator of sociotropy and negative life events, Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34, 188-195.

*Andover, M. S., Premack, J. M., Gibb, B. E., Pepper, C. M. (2010). An Examination of non-suicidal self-injury in men: Do men differ from women in basic NSSI characteristics? Archives of Suicide Research, 14, 79-88.




Stress and Mood Laboratory

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Department of Psychology

1000 E University Ave

Dept. 3415

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: 307-766-6303


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