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Forage Identification: White clover

Department of Plant Sciences

White clover (Trifolium repens L.)

Adaptation:
Perennial legume. Very leafy plants 8 to 12 inches tall. Spreads by stolons (runners) and forms shallow roots at nodes. Adapted to soils with fine to medium texture that are well to poorly drained. Tolerates acid to moderately alkaline conditions. Low tolerance to heat and drought, but tolerates flooding and is very winter hardy.

White clover

Growth Habitat:
Prostrate growth habitat. 8 to 12 inches tall. Very leafy plants. Spreads by stolons (runners) and forms shallow roots at nodes. 

White clover leaves

Plant Characteristics:
Palmately trifoliolate and borne on long, smooth petioles.  Leaflets are oblong to wedge-shaped and are serrated around the margin. Usually variegated with a white or red "watermark." Stems are smooth grow horizontally near the soil. The round head has white to pink flowers.

Seed Characteristics:
Heart shaped. Yellow or sometimes reddish, browning with age. Extremely small.

White clover seeds

Important Identifying Characteristics:
Palmately trifoliolate.

Primary Uses:
Pasture. Usually grown in mixture with other species, particularly bunch grasses.


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