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Department of Psychology|College of Arts & Sciences

Walter D. ScottWalt Scott

Professor - Director of Clinical Training

Personality science and assessment; Depression; Cognitive self regulation (e.g., self-efficacy; goals, values) in prospective memory, personality and psychopathology; Depression and resiliency in American Indian Youth

Primary Program: Clinical Psychology
Affiliated Programs: Social Psychology, Cognition/Cognitive Development


Ph.D., University of Illinois at Chicago 1996
Clinical Psychology Internship, University of Washington School of Medicine 1995
M.A., University of Illinois at Chicago 1993
B.A., San Diego State University 1989 • (307) 766-4889 • Bio Sciences Bldg 126

Personality and Psychopathology Lab


Academic Positions

Present - Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming

2003 - 2011 - Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming

1999 - 2003 - Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Wyoming

1996 - 1999 - Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University of Miami


Research Interests

Personality Science & Personality Assessment; Cognitive Self-Regulation; Depression; Depression and Resiliency in American Indian Youth; Social Cognitive Models of Motivation and Prospective Memory


Graduate Students

Luci Dumas
     Goals & Self-Regulation in Offender Populations; Psychopathy

Alejandra Reyna
      Psychopathology of depression and the effects and consequences in
      individuals; Using cognitive behavioral and ABA therapies to treat and alleviate
      the associated symptoms in depression

Inga Mileviciute
     Cognitive Self-Regulation and Substance Use in American Indian Youth

Jason Tyser
     Goal setting characteristics, optimism, and depression in American Indian
     Youth; Optimizing social-cognitive personality assessment measures



PSYC 4390 - Personality Science

PSYC 5140 - Personality Science

PSYC 5450 - Clinical Practicum

PSYC 5510 - Advanced Psychopathology

PSYC 5410 - Clinical Assessment II: Personality & Psychopathology


* Indicates undergraduate students working with me; **indicates graduate students working with me

Representative Publications

Scott, W. D., Clapp, J., **Mileviciute, I., & Mousseau, A. (in press). Children's Depression Inventory: A Unidimensional Factor Structure for American Indian and Alaskan Native Youth. Psychological Assessment.

Scott, W. D., & Cervone, D. (in press). Social cognitive personality assessment: A case conceptualization procedure and illustration. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice.

**Mileviciute, I., Scott, W. D., & Mousseau, A. C. (2014). Alcohol use, externalizing problems, and depressive symptoms among American Indian youth: The role of self-efficacy. The American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, 40, 342-348.

*Tyser, J., Scott, W. D., Readdy, T. R., & McCrea, S. M. (2014). The role of goal representations, cultural identity, and dispositional optimism in the depressive experiences of American Indian youth from a northern plains tribe. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43 (3), 329-342.

*Mousseau, A. C., Scott, W. D., & Estes, D. (2014). Values and depressive symptoms in American Indian youth of the Northern Plains: Examining the potential moderating roles of outcome expectancies and perceived community values. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 43 (3), 426-436.

Penningroth, S. L., & Scott, W. D. (2013). Task importance effects on prospective memory strategy use. Applied Cognitive Psychology, 27, 655-662.

Penningroth, S. L., & Scott, W. D. (2013). Prospective memory tasks related to goals and concerns are rated as more important by both young and older adults. European Journal of Ageing, 10, 211-221.

**Mileviciute, I., Trujillo, J., Gray, M., & Scott, W. D. (2013). The role of explanatory style and negative life events in depression: A cross-sectional study with youth from a North American plains reservation. American Indian and Alaskan Native Mental Health Research, 20, 42-58.

Scott, W. D. & Dearing, E. C. (2012). A longitudinal study of self-efficacy and depressive symptoms in youth of a North American Plains tribe. Development and Psychopathology, 24, 607-622. PDF

Penningroth, S. L. & Scott, W. D. (2012). Age-related differences in goals: Testing predictions from selection, optimization, and compensation theory and socioemotional selectivity theory. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 74, 87-111. PDF

Penningroth, S. L., Scott, W. D. & Freuen, M. (2011). Social motivation in prospective memory: Higher importance ratings and reported performance rates for social tasks. Canadian Journal of Experimental Psychology, 65, 3-11. PDF

Penningroth, S. L., & Scott, W. D. (2009).  Improving goal-based models of motivation: Incorporating theory and research on prospective memory.  In F.M. Olsson (Ed.), New Developments in the Psychology of Motivation. New York: Nova Science Publishers.

Scott, W. D., & Cervone, D. (2009).  Self-efficacy interventions: Guided Mastery Therapy.  In W. Donohue & J.E. Fisher (Eds.), Cognitive Behavior Therapy: Applying Empirically Supported Techniques in Your Practice, Second Edition. New York: John Wiley.

Ingram, R. E., Scott, W. D., & **Hamill, S. (2009).  Depression: Social and cognitive aspects. In T. Millon, P. Blaney, & R. Davis (Eds.), Oxford Textbook or Psychopathology.  New York: Oxford University Press.

*Baird, G., Scott, W. D., Dearing, E., & **Hamill, S. (2009). Examining cognitive self-regulatory differences in LD and Non-LD youth: Implicit theories of intelligence, academicc self-efficacy, and academic goal preferences, Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 28 (7), 881-908. PDF

**Hamill, S., Scott, W. D., Dearing, E., & Pepper, C. (2009). Affective style and depressive symptoms in youth of a North American Plains tribe: The moderating roles of cultural Identity, grade level, and behavioral inhibition. Personality and Individual Differences, 47(2), 110-115. PDF

**Beevers, C. G., Scott, W. D., McGeary, C., & McGeary, J. E. (2009).  Negative Cognitive Response to a Sad Mood Induction: Associations with Polymorphisms of the Serotonin Transporter (5-HTTLPR) Gene.  Cognition and Emotion, 23 (4), 726-738. PDF

Scott, W. D., Dearing, E., *Reynolds, W. R., **Lindsay, J. E., **Hamill, S. K., & *Baird, G. L. (2008).  Cognitive self-Regulation and depression: Examining self-efficacy appraisals and goal characteristics in youth of a Northern Plains tribe.  Journal of Research on Adolescence, 18(2), 379-394. PDF

Scott, W. D., **Beevers, C. G., & Mermelstein, R. J. (2008).  Depression vulnerable and non-vulnerable smokers after a failure experience: Examining cognitive self-regulation and motivation.  Behavior Modification, 32 (4), 519-539. PDF

Scott, W. D., & *Steidtmann, D. (2006). Dysphoria and hostile cognition: The relationship depends on levels of trait anger. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30, 19-27. PDF

**Lindsay, J., & Scott, W. D. (2005). Dysphoria and self-esteem following an achievement event: Predictive validity of goal orientation and personality style theories of vulnerability. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 29, 769-785. PDF

Scott, W. D., Ingram, R. E., & Shadel, W. G. (2003). Hostile and sad mood profiles in dysphoria: Evidence for cognitive specificity. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 22(3), 234-253. PDF

Scott, W. D., & Cervone, D. (2002). The influence of negative mood on self-regulatory cognition. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 26, 19-37. PDF

Tillema, J. L., Cervone, D., & Scott, W. D. (2001). Dysphoric mood, perceived self-efficacy, and personal standards for performance: The effects of attributional cues on evaluative self-judgements. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 25, 535-549. PDF

Ingram, R. E., Scott, W. D., & Hayes, A. (2000).  Empirically validated treatment: A critical analysis. In C. R. Snyder & R. E. Ingram, R. E. (Eds.). Handbook of psychological change: Psychotherapy processes and practices for the 21st Century. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Scott, W. D., Winters, R., & Beavers, C. G. (2000). Affective distress as a central symptom in depression: Psychological mechanisms. In S. Johnson, A. Hayes, T. Field, P. McCabe, N. & Schneiderman (Eds.), Stress, coping, and depression. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.

 Cervone, D., Kopp, D. A., Schaumann, L., & Scott, W. D. (1994).  Mood, self-efficacy, and performance standards: Lower moods induce higher standards for performance.  Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 67, 499-512. PDF

Ingram, R., Slater, M. A., Atkinson, J. H., & Scott, W. D. (1990).  Positive automatic cognition in major affective disorder.  Psychological Assessment: A Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 2, 209-211.

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