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University Catalog

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Pharmacy (PHCY)

1000 Level | 2000 Level | 3000 Level | 4000 Level | 5000 Level | 6000 Level

USP Codes are listed in brackets by the 2003 USP code followed by the 2015 USP code (i.e. [QB<>Q]).

1101. First-Year Seminar. 3. [{none}<>FYS]

3670. Historical Foundations for the Health Care Professions. 3. Provides basis for understanding roles of health care professionals of today. Examines societal evolution of the arts and sciences that provide the foundation upon which the health sciences are established. Prerequisite: 3 semester hours of history or consent of instructor.

4160. Problems in Pharmacy. 1-4 (Max. 8). Original investigation on a library or laboratory problem concerned with a definite phase of work in pharmacy. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

4170. Pharmacy Seminar. 1-4 (Max. 8). Students present oral reports on selected topics of pharmaceutical interest for discussion by the group. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

4370 [3630]. Phytomedicinal Agents. 2. Evaluates herbal medicines from scientific viewpoint. Introduces chemistry, pharmacology, toxicology and therapeutic use of selected phytomedicinal agents. Prerequisite: advanced standing in nursing, professional program in pharmacy or consent of instructor.

4450. Pathophysiology. 4. Clinical concepts of dynamic disease processes in humans. Biochemical, physiological, and morphological disease mechanisms are related to symptomatology and treatment. Prerequisites: LIFE 1010, CHEM 1000 or CHEM 1020 and 1030, KIN/ZOO 2040 and KIN/ZOO 2041, and ZOO 3115 (or ZOO 3120) or equivalent.

4470 [3510]. Fundamentals of Pharmacology. 4. Studies pharmaceutical agents used for treatment, diagnosis or prevention of disease with particular emphasis on mechanisms of action, therapeutic and adverse effects. Prerequisite: PHCY 4450. (Normally offered fall semester)

4550. Non-Prescription Medications and Devices. 3. Develops knowledge and skills to help health care professionals function as therapeutic advisors to clients in the self-care of disease states amenable to management with non-prescription medication and/or devices. Prerequisites: PHCY 4450 or consent of instructor.

4660. Health Care Law. 3. A survey of health care law for students in health care programs, law students, and other matriculated students. The subject matter will include but not be limited to the following: malpractice, licensing, informed consent, reform, reproduction and advance directives. Dual listed with PHCY 5660. Prerequisites: Consent of instructor.

5040. The Evolution of American Health. 2. This course explores the evolution of the healthcare system in response to various needs and crises over the years. The professionalization of health care; the development of the modern hospital; the implications of computerized health information; and the empowerment of patients will be covered. Prerequisite: Admission into the Health Services Administration MS program.

5046. Health Services Administration Seminar. 1. An in-depth investigation of a timely issue in health services, including the regulatory, economic, patient-safety, marketing, leadership, and ethical aspects of that issue. Students will participate in separate group analysis of a presented problem, and in their presentations of their group’s assessment of the problem. Prerequisite: Completion or concurrent enrollment in PHCY 5040.

5140. Pharmacotherapy for Primary Care. 3. Prepares primary care practitioners in drug therapy management for various client populations, emphasizing rural practice. Cross listed with NURS 5140. Prerequisite: B.S.N., baccalaureate in health care field or consent of instructor.

5141. Introduction to Health Economics and Outcomes. 3. This course considers the role of the range of outcomes used by clinicians and health care systems in assessing treatment modalities. The framework for conducting and assessing outcomes research will be emphasized. Prerequisite: Completion or concurrent enrollment in PHYC 5040.

5142. Health Economic Decision Analysis. 2. This class is designed to provide the student with the methods of comparative effectiveness research with special focus on how various decision makers use comparative effectiveness data to assist in decision-making. Prerequisite: PHCY 5141.

5143. Comparative Effectiveness Research. 2. This class is designed to provide the student with the methods of comparative effectiveness research with special focus on how various decision makers use comparative effectiveness data to assist in decision-making. Prerequisite: PHCY 5141.

5144. Modeling in Health Economics. 2. This class is designed to provide the student with a basic understanding of the common deterministic and stochastic economic modeling techniques used in health economics. Issues surrounding data acquisition and evaluation, handling uncertainty, and factors impacting the internal and external validity of the modeling process with be addressed. Prerequisite: PHCY 5142.

5160. Graduate Problems Course. 1-6 (Max. 12). This course allows in-depth exploration of topics in pharmaceutical sciences, at the graduate level, that are mutually agreed upon by the student and faculty. Prerequisite: consent of instructor.

5210. Pharmaceutical Regulatory Systems. 3. Regulatory theory and practice is used to study the authority/responsibilities of three federal agencies that are entrusted to ensure the safe, effective, and efficient medication use in the United States. The practices and procedures of the FDA, DEA, and CMS are reviewed, describing why healthcare providers should comply with regulatory principles. Prerequisites: Enrollment in graduate or professional program or department permission.

5240. Pharmaceutical Homicide. 3. Legal pharmaceutical products are sometimes used by healthcare professional criminals to kill people. This course focuses on identifying the zone of risk for people who could be harmed by pharmaceuticals, and the development of best practices to protect patients and other from the harm. Prerequisites: Enrollment in graduate or professional program or department permission.

5241. Introduction to Biopharmaceutical Regulatory Compliance. 3. This course considers the role of regulatory agencies that prescribe conduct in the healthcare industries and professions, focusing on the Food and Drug Administration. The functioning of other agencies, such as the federal Drug Enforcement Administration, state boards of pharmacy and state departments of health are also considered. Prerequisite: Completion or concurrent enrollment in PHCY 5040.

5242. The Food and Drug Admissions. 2. This course examins the regulatory climate for FDA-regulated drug and biological products. Regulatory standards are reviewed (including discovery of new therapeutic modalities, their approval,manufacturing, promotion, and distribution), and the enforcement authority of the FDA is examined (focusing on methods that promote safe and effective drug use). Prerequisite: PHCY 5241.

5243. The Drug Enforcement Administration. 2. This course examines the balance of health professionals and institutions working with regulators to develop programs that reflect both the best interests of individual patients and of society. Focusing on challenges of treating chronic pain, prescription drug abuse, and actions that have led to conflict between regulators and health practitioners. Prerequisite: PHCY 5241.

5244. State Regulations of Health Professions. 2. This course examines how state regulatory agencies assure the initial competence of practitioners, as well as their continuing competence in the years following the completion of academic training. The course also examines the factors that are applied to the regulation of health care settings, using the structure-process-outcomes typology of Donabedian. Prerequisite: PHCY 5241.

5541. Introduction to Biopharmaceutical Marketing and Production. 3. This course will review empirical evidence in various topic areas within the fields of biopharmaceutical marketing, sales promotion, communication, and selling effectiveness focusing on the history and structure of the biopharmaceutical produect representative function and theoretical domains associated with the associated activities. Prerequisite: Completion or concurrent enrollment in PHCY 5040.

5550. Advanced Cardiovascular Physiology and Pharmacology. 3.  An advanced study in the integration of modern cardiovascular physiology, pharmacology, biochemistry and cell biology concepts. Dual listed with PHCY 6550. Prerequisites: PHCY 6230 (or equivalent) and consent of  instructor.

5887. Molecular Neuropharmacology. 3. Focus on the molecularly-induced functional changes within the nervous system in normal and disease states. In addition, will provide a thorough explanation of the cellular and molecular actions of drugs on synaptic transmission and discuss the neurochemical basis of behavior. Prerequisites: PharmD current standing and instructor's permission or NEUR 5280.

5920. Agents for Diagnostic Imaging. 2. Diagnostic Agents is currently designed as a one semester elective course with 2 credit hours. It is an introduction and survey of all diagnostic drugs used in the diagnosis and imaging of disease as approved by the US FDA for use in the United States. Prerequisites: PHCY 6211, PHCY 6210, PHCY 6110, CHEM 2440, MOLB 3610.

6040. Post-Graduate Career Planning. 1. This course helps student pharmacists make informed career choices. It is designed to allow students to prepare a CV and enhance a job search, interview and develop cover letter writing skills. Specific discussion topics will be largely focused on students’ interest areas. Prerequisites: PHCY 6480 or 6482, enrollment in professional PharmD program.

6100. Dose Form Design. 4. Extensively introduces various types of dosage forms, discusses advantages and disadvantages of each. Pharmaceutical calculations are a major component of the course, as well as physicochemical principles involved in dose form stability. Prerequisites: CHEM 2420 and 2440.

6101. Practical Aspects of Dosage Form Design. 1. Preparation and evaluation of dosage forms is main thrust of course. Laboratory emphasizes manipulative and mathematical skills, prescription formats, packaging and storage as they apply to pharmaceuticals. Prerequisites: concurrent enrollment in PHCY 6100; MATH 2100.

6102. Biopharmaceutics and Pharmacokinetics. 4. [{none}<>COM3] Discusses biopharmaceutic and pharmacokinetic aspects of dosage form design. Basic pharmacokinetics and biopharmaceutics are interrelated to clinical applications. Also covers classical kinetics and dissolution. Prerequisites: MATH 2200 and PHCY 6100.

6103. Sterile Products. 2. An introduction to the preparation and clinical application of sterile dosage forms. Emphasizes basic principles related to preparation, dispensing and administration of parenteral medications in extended care and hospital pharmacy practice. Prerequisites: PHCY 6100, 6101, 6106, and concurrent enrollment in PHCY 6104.

6104. Sterile Products Laboratory. 1. A hands-on training in techniques used to prepare, dispense and administer parenteral admixtures, parenteral nutrition, chemotherapy and ophthalmics. Prerequisites: PHCY 6100, 6101, 6106 and concurrent enrollment in PHCY 6103.

6106 [6105]. Pharmaceutical Calculations. 2. Emphasizes aspects of basic mathematics and logical skills needed to perform pharmaceutical and clinical calculations.  Quantitative reasoning is reassessed through a variety of topics chosen for their applicability and need in a pharmaceutical care setting. Prerequisites: MATH 1000 or 1400 or Level 4 on Math placement exam (within 2 years prior to start of course)

6110. Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry I. 3. Three-semester series that studies the physicochemical, biochemical and pharmacological properties of substances of natural and synthetic origin that are used as medicinal agents. Prerequisites: CHEM 2440 and MOLB 3610.

6152 [6350]. Therapeautics III. 4. A study of the basic principles employed in the pharmacotherapeutic management of common disease states. Includes the pharmacist's role in monitoring drug therapy of the patient and serving as a drug consultant to the health care team. Prerequisite: grade of C or higher in PHCY 6251.

6170. Introductory Pharmacy Practicum. 1. Provides an early curricular exposure to the roles and functions of pharmacists in their work environment through a shadow experience. Prerequisites: satisfactory completion of PHCY 6185.

6185. Seminar: Role of the Pharmacist in Health Care. 1. Provides an overview and survey of the scope of pharmacy, including educational and licensing requirements; career opportunities, pharmacy organizations and regulatory agencies, and historical evolution. Prerequisite: admission to the professional program.

6210. Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry II. 3. Continuation of Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry I. Prerequisite: PHCY 6110.

6211. Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry III. 3. Continuation of Medicinal and Natural Products Chemistry II. Prerequisite: PHCY 6210.

6220. Pathophysiology II. 3. Continuation of PHCY 4450. Students work closely with clinical case studies. Prerequisite: PHCY 4450.

6230. Pharmacology I. 3. First semester of a one-year series. Studies action of chemical agents on living systems to include pharmacodynarnics and toxicology, particularly emphasizing therapeutics. Prerequisites: PHCY 4450.

6231. Pharmacology II. 3. Second semester of a one-year series. Continuation of PHCY 6230. Prerequisite: PHCY 6230.

6241. Organizational and Societal Issues Within the Health Care System. 3. [{none}<>COM3] Surveys U.S. health care system. Discusses organization, insurance programs, legislation and health care professionals. Also discusses sociological issues pertinent to the patient and illness, the role of the pharmacist, and drugs and drug use. Prerequisite: enrollment in the professional program, School of Pharmacy, or consent of instructor.

6242. Public Health. 3. Encompasses essentials of medical sociology, biology, chemotherapy and public health of communicable diseases; chronic diseases; and environmental health problems. Prerequisite: successful completion of year one of the Doctor of Pharmacy program or consent of instructor.

6245. Patient/Professional Interactions. 3. [{none}<>COM3] Focuses on psychosocial and communication concepts pertaining to human interactions, with application to professional practice environments and clinical counseling situations. Prerequisite: enrollment in the doctor of pharmacy professional program.

6250. Drug Literature Evaluation. 3. [WC<>COM3] Provides a knowledge base, techniques and skills for information retrieval, evaluation of medical and pharmaceutical practice literature, and application to specific patient problems. Prerequisite: STAT 2050 or equivalent; WB designated course.

6251. Therapeutics II. 3. Introduces pharmacotherapeutic principles employed in the management and monitoring of drug therapy. Assesses the impact of drug therapy on clinical laboratory parameters, metabolic states, and specific patient populations. Introduces the pharmacotherapeutic management of common disease states. Prerequisites: PHCY 6220, 6230.

6270. Intermediate Pharmacy Practicum. 1. [{none}<>COM3] An advanced exposure to the practice of pharmacy in health care environments. Prerequisite: satisfactory completion of PHCY 6170.

6280 [6385]. Seminar: Pharmacy Ethics. 1. Focuses on ethical issues confronting pharmacists in practice, pharmacy as a profession, the health care delivery system and society. Prerequisite: enrollment in the doctor of pharmacy professional program.

6281. Pharmacy Research Ethics. 1. Understanding of the ethical issues that may arise while conducting health science research and potential strategies for properly addressing these ethical issues. Prerequisite: concurrent or previous enrollment in PHCY 6280.

6285. Seminar: The Drug Use Process. 1. Focuses on how and why people use pharmaceuticals; people as patients; illness and wellness behavior; drug misadventuring, and appropriate intervention strategies. Prerequisite: PHCY 6185 or consent of instructor.

6286. Seminar: Pharmacy Practice Theories. 1. Focuses on the application of theories from the pharmaceutical and related literature with application to pharmacy practice. Prerequisite: PHCY 6285 or consent of the instructor.

6290. Topics in Pharmacology. 2. [W3<>(none)] Writing-intensive course using topics to explore the role of drugs in health care provision. Prerequisite: prior credit or concurrent enrollment in PHCY 6230 or 6231 or consent of instructor.

6312. Clinical Toxicology. 3. Focuses on biological and pharmacological effects of environmental, chemicals, OTC and prescription drug poisoning cases. Emphasis will be placed on the use of historical, laboratory and clinical data to diagnose and develop clinical management approaches for both acute and chronic poisoning cases. Prerequisites: PHCY 6230, MOLB 3610.

6341. Pharmacy Practice Law. 3. Coverage of state, federal and local laws and regulations which relate directly to the practice of pharmacy. The Wyoming Pharmacy Act serves as a model for analogous laws in other states. Case law at the federal and state levels affecting pharmacy practice is analyzed and discussed. Prerequisite: PH3 or consent of instructor.

6342. Pharmacy Administration. 3. Examines management of pharmaceutical services, analysis of drug distribution systems in the U.S., contemporary pharmacy practice and problems common or peculiar to all types of pharmacy services. Prerequisite: PH3 status.

6343. Methods for Population Health. 2. Students will be introduced to Pharmacoeconomic, Pharmacoepidemiology and Public Health concepts and methods for the purpose of applying the knowledge to provision of pharmacist-provided patient care as well as to development of health policy. Prerequisites: MATH 2200; PHCY 6250.  

6351. Therapeutics IV. 4. Continuation of Therapeutics I. Prerequisite: grade of C or higher in PHCY 6350.

6352. Therapeutics I. 3. Emphasizes the role of the pharmacist in pharmaceutical self care, appropriate triage and referral involving prescription, non-prescription pharmaceuticals, complimentary, alternative therapies and devices in community dwelling patients with both acute and chronic self-care conditions. Prerequisite: enrollment in the doctor of pharmacy professional program.

6354. Pharmacy Practice Laboratory I. 1. Applies pharmaceutical care knowledge and skills to appropriate preparation, dispensing, counseling, and consumer use of self-care and prescription drug products by ambulatory patients in the community setting. Prerequisites: enrollment in the doctor of pharmacy professional program.

6356. Physical Assessment in the Evaluation of Drug Therapy. 1. Physical examination techniques and the interpretation of physical examination data. Emphasis is on a systemic approach to the physical examination, evaluation of patient data, maintaining patient charts, monitoring of patient outcomes and development of treatment plans. Prerequisite: P3 status or consent of instructor.

6357. Clinical Pharmacokinetics. 2. Pharmacokinetic principles of dosage regimen calculation and pharmacokinetic considerations relating to the use of various drugs. Clinical pharmacokinetics of therapeutically important drugs will be covered. Prerequisite: PHCY 6102.

6370. Advanced Pharmacy Experience Orientation. 1. [{none}<>COM3] Designed to prepare the student for 4th year experiential activities by discussion of logistics, professionalism, regulatory issues, and assessment tools. Prerequisites:  Good standing in the P3 year or consent of instructor.

6386. Seminar: Future Trends. 1. Focuses on internal and external trends that have the potential to affect the practice of pharmacy in the future. Students are expected to discern potential trends from a variety of literature sources and project the potential effects on their future practice. Prerequisite: P3 status or consent of the instructor.

6465. Elective Rotation In _____. 4 (Max. 16). Advanced practice experience in a variety of pharmacy practice, patient care, health care management, and pharmaceutical industry environments.  Application of knowledge and skills with active participation in direct pharmaceutical care.  Development of knowledge and skills related to specialized patient populations, health care management, and pharmaceutical industry. Students will be required to move to off-campus sites to complete this course. Prerequisite: grade of C or higher in PHCY 6351 and PHCY 6357.

6470. Internal Medicine I. 4. Pharmacy practice experiences with acute care patient populations in community hospitals; exposure to various disease states and patient records; evaluating drug orders in medical records, assessing problems involving patient's drug therapy, monitoring drug therapy to insure effective, safe, and economical patient care, and applying drug information skills. Prerequisite: grade of C or higher in PHCY 6351 and PHCY 6357.

6471. Internal Medicine II. 4. [{none}<>COM3] Advanced practice experiences with general medicine, acute care patient populations in community hospitals. Participation in problem solving and the therapeutic decision-making process, including drug dosage regimen, application of rational therapy. Prerequisite: PHCY 6470.

6473. Ambulatory Pharmaceutical Care. 4. [{none}<>COM3] An experiential course focusing on the pharmacist as the drug expert in a multidisciplinary health care team approach to treating ambulatory patients within the philosophy of family practice. Prerequisite: grade of C or higher in PHCY 6351 and PHCY 6357.

6480. Introduction to Community Pharmacy Practice. 4. Four-week rotation in community pharmacy practice completed under the guidance of a licensed pharmacist. Patient care activities will include, but not be limited to, basic patient and drug therapy assessment, performing medication histories and prospective drug utilization reviews, basic patient counseling and active participation in the medication distribution process. Prerequisites: grade of C or higher in PHCY 6352 and 6354 and satisfactory completion of all courses within the P1 curriculum (i.e. P2 standing).

6481. Advanced Community Pharmacy. 4. An advanced practice experience in community pharmacy that involves student learning and participation in non-dispensing models of pharmaceutical care, such as pharmacist anticoagulation clinics, vaccination clinics, smoking cessation, diabetic education, chronic disease drug therapy monitoring, self-care treatment, and indigent patient care, etc. Prerequisite: grade of C or higher in PHCY 6351 and PHCY 6357.

6482. Introduction to Hospital Pharmacy Practice. 4. Four-week rotation in hospital pharmacy practice completed under the guidance of a licensed pharmacist. Patient-care activities will include basic drug therapy and patient assessment, prospective drug utilization reviews, participating in the hospital's medication distribution process, performing calculations, compounding preparations and understanding pharmacy's role within the health-system through interdisciplinary interactions. Prerequisites: grade of C or higher in PHCY 6352 and 6354 and satisfactory completion of all courses within the P1 curriculum (i.e. P2 standing).

6483. Advanced Institutional Pharmacy. 4. An advanced rotation in institutional pharmacy under the preceptorship of a licensed pharmacist.  The student interacts with patients, health care professionals and allied health personnel to assure the best use of medications. Prerequisite: grade of C or higher in PHCY 6351 and PHCY 6357.

6485. Reflective Learning in Pharmacy. 1 (Max. 3). A debriefing class with emphasis on sharing experiences and making notice of the learning that has occurred during the community pharmacy practicums.  This is a one week course to be held the week prior to starting practicums and repeated at 12 week intervals thereafter. Offered S/U Only. Prerequisite: PH4 status.

6550. Advanced Cardiovascular Physiology and Pharmacology. 3. An advanced study in the integration of modern cardiovascular physiology, pharmacology, biochemistry and cell biology concepts. Dual listed with PHCY 5550. Prerequisites: PHCY 6230 (or equivalent) and consent of instructor.

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