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Team-Based Learning (TBL)

Team-based learning (TBL) is a very highly structured form of group learning. It has two major phases: 1) the Readiness Assurance Process and 2) the Application Activities.

  • Readiness Assurance Process

    • Students engage individually with content prior to coming to class

    • Once in class, students show their readiness by taking an individual readiness assurance test (called the iRAT for short).

    • After the iRAT is complete, students work with their team to complete the same set of questions together. This process, called the tRAT is completed using a form that allows immediate feedback (often an IF-AT card).

    • Teams are allowed a short period of time to write an appeal for missed questions.

    • Using the iRAT and tRAT responses, instructors can then do a mini lecture to address common areas of confusion.

  • Application Activities

    • The majority of class time is then spent engaging in authentic problem solving. In TBL, this problem-solving is highly structured by the 4S Framework. The 4Ss stand for: Significant Problem, Same Problem, Specific Choice and Simultaneous Report.

Take a TBL deep dive with Rachel in this vodcast:

The Team-Based Learning Collaborative provides a great deal of support and resources for members. This Introduction to TBL document was provided by the Collaborative. 


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