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Malcolm Wallop Papers Available at UW’s American Heritage Center

January 13, 2016
two men in suits examining belt in one man's hands
U.S. Sen. Malcolm Wallop, R-Wyo., presents to President Ronald Reagan a belt made by Donald King, of Sheridan, Aug. 3, 1981. (American Heritage Center)

The personal papers of three-term Wyoming U.S. Sen. Malcolm Wallop are available for research at the University of Wyoming’s American Heritage Center (AHC).

A description and inventory of the collection can be viewed at http://rmoa.unm.edu/docviewer.php?docId=wyu-ah08011.xml#idp7555056.

The 289 boxes of Wallop’s personal papers housed at the AHC include bill files, memos, committee files, legislation, numerous speech files and audio tapes of radio appearances and news conferences. Also included is VIP correspondence between the senator and heads of state and various dignitaries.

Wallop was a Republican member of the Wyoming House of Representatives for two terms (1969-1972) and then served in the Wyoming Senate for one term (1973-76). In 1976, he won a seat in the U.S. Senate and served for three terms (1977-1995).

During his tenure in the U.S. Senate, Wallop helped to establish more state control of natural resources, reduced income taxation, argued for greater 5th Amendment protection for private property owners and advocated a more aggressive role in U.S. defense policy during the later stages of the Cold War. He also supported the participation of the U.S. in world trade.

His most notable legislative achievement was his authorship of the Wallop Amendment to the 1977 Surface Mining Act, which established a compensation plan for miners who were adversely affected by government regulation. He also wrote a highly influential bill cutting the tax on inheritance and gifts that was a major component of President Ronald Reagan’s 1981 tax reduction plan. Additionally, he was one of the first politicians to support the Strategic Defense Initiative.

After leaving the Senate in 1995, Wallop founded Frontiers of Freedom, a lobbying firm that promotes smaller federal government.

Wallop died in Big Horn in 2011 at the age of 78.

For more information about the collection, call the AHC’s Reference Department at (307) 766-3756 or email ahcref@uwyo.edu.

The AHC is UW’s repository of manuscripts collections, rare books and the university archives. It is among the largest non-governmental archives in the nation. The center contains the papers of many prominent elected officials in Wyoming's history.


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Chad Baldwin

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