Skip to Main Content

Apply Now to the University of Wyoming apply now

Wyoming Business Tips for Dec. 3-9

November 22, 2017

A weekly look at Wyoming business questions from the Wyoming Small Business Development Center (WSBDC), part of WyomingEntrepreneur.Biz, a collection of business assistance programs at the University of Wyoming.

By James Drever, WSBDC regional director and certified cybersecurity specialist

“Can you please tell me about the human firewall?” Karen, Laramie

Many cyberattacks are successful because they prey on humans instead of devices.

It is easier for criminals to take advantage of people than it is to hack into a system. To protect your business, employees need to be trained on what to do and what not to do to keep systems and data protected, and become your human firewall.

Here is a list of habits that can do wonders:

-- If you did not look for a piece of software, do not install one because a website or email is convincing you to. This includes email attachments that say you need to install something to view it.

-- Do not just click on links in emails, even from people you know, because they might have been hacked or their addresses spoofed. Some are just like receiving a scam phone call. Instead, “hover” your cursor over the email address, examine the actual destination and make sure it makes sense.

-- If you receive a file from someone, maybe a PDF or Word document, especially from a stranger, think before opening it. Are you expecting it? Is this normal? Instead, how about calling the sender to verify?  PDFs and Microsoft Office documents are great tools to get into your computer, because people trust them.

-- Limit your public social media footprint, and don’t fill in those 10-question chain posts that often include verification information for someone pretending to be you. A common method of guessing passwords is to find the person’s social media pages and make a note of names, family members, pets, locations, birthdays and other things to make a list. They then make variations and combinations to try until they get in.

-- Don’t use the same password. All database-hacked passwords are free to download. When they get your username/password, they will try it on other sites, including banking sites and shopping sites. Try using a password manager, instead, that generates and keeps track of long and random passwords for each of your online services.

This will help protect you from attacks that have led to many of the breaches, spyware and ransomware we have seen with Wyoming businesses.

If your business is interested in free cybersecurity training from KnowBe4, the Wyoming SBDC can provide a limited number of free licenses.

For more information, email Drever at

A blog version of this article and an opportunity to post comments are available at

The WSBDC is a partnership of the U.S. Small Business Administration, the Wyoming Business Council and the University of Wyoming. To ask a question, call 1-800-348-5194, email, or write 1000 E. University Ave., Dept. 3922, Laramie, WY, 82071-3922.

Contact Us

Institutional Communications

Bureau of Mines Building, Room 137


Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: (307) 766-2929


Find us on Facebook (Link opens a new window) Find us on Twitter (Link opens a new window)

1000 E. University Ave. Laramie, WY 82071
UW Operators (307) 766-1121 | Contact Us | Download Adobe Reader

Accreditation | Virtual Tour | Emergency Preparedness | Employment at UW | Privacy Policy | Harassment & Discrimination | Accessibility Accessibility information icon