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University of Wyoming

Three theorists are often included when considering learning due to "changes in consciousness":

Jack Mezirow | Paulo Freire | Myles Horton

Commonalties Among Theorists

Learning is not additive or "banking"--just gaining new information

Education is for transformation and change

All focus is on the inner meaning & personal constructs of knowledge

Praxis or application of critical reflection, either personally, socially or politically, results from new insights

Questions About Theories

Individual vs. Social--After change in consciousness, where does Praxis necessarily happen?

Democracy vs. Radicalism? What place does politics play? What happens to the status quo?

The nature of change: challenge or adaptation?

What impact do cultural, historical and socioeconomic differences make in transformation?

More empirical data needed!