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University of Wyoming

Humanistic psychology emerged in the mid-1950s and complemented behaviorism and psychoanalysis with its focus on the individual as a whole person

Carl Rogers | Abraham Maslow

In the mid 1950's two psychologists Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow rejected what they saw as the dehumanizing negativism of psychology of the day which promoted the idea that humans were not the masters of their destiny and that all their actions were governed by either unconscious processes dominated by primitive sexual urges (Sigmund Freud) or by the environment (Behaviorial psychology). They argued that both schools of thought failed to recognize the unique qualities which enabled people to make independent choices which gave them full control of their destiny.