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Department of Psychology|College of Arts & Sciences

Carolyn M. PepperCarolyn Pepper


Course and Treatment of Depression

Clinical Psychology


Ph.D., State University of New York at Stony Brook 1995

Pre-doctoral Internship 1994-1995, Tufts University School of Medicine/Boston Department of Veterans Affairs Psychology Internship Consortium

M.A., State University of New York at Stony Brook 1992

B.S., Western Michigan University 1989 • (307) 766-2951 • Bio Sciences Bldg 127


Academic Positions

Professor of Psychology, 2011-present, University of Wyoming

Associate Professor of Psychology, 2005-2011, University of Wyoming

Assistant Professor of Psychology, 2002-2005, University of Wyoming

Assistant Professor of Psychology 1997-2002, Binghamton University, State University of New York

NIMH Postdoctoral Fellow 1995-1997, Department of Psychiatry, University of Michigan Medical Center


Research Interests:

Behavioral activation and inhibition systems and psychopathology

Non-suicidal self-injury

Psychological processes associated with the duration of moods

Rumination and distraction

Excessive reassurance seeking

Course of depression



PSYC 4400 - Psychological Testing

PSYC 5510 - Psychopathology

PSYC 5425 - Diagnostic Interviewing

PSYC 5470 - Empirically Supported Psychotherapies

PSYC 5550 - Diversity Issues in Psychology


Current Graduate Students

Casey Allington, M.S.

Stephanie Bachtelle

Tatyana Kholodkov, M.S.

Mary Lear

Pooja Saraff, M.S.



Former Graduate Students

Denis Birgenheir, Ph.D. 2012 University of Wyoming

Laura Scharf Yamamoto, Ph.D. 2011 University of Wyoming

Jason A. Nieuwsma, Ph.D. 2009 University of Wyoming: Associate Director, Veterans Affairs Mental Health and Chaplincy, Durham VA

Margaret S. Andover, Ph.D. 2006 Binghamton University: Assistant Professor, Fordham University

Allison B. Miller, Ph.D. 2006 Binghamton University: Clinical Psychologist, Binghamton Veterans Center

Elizabeth L. Jeglic, Ph.D. 2003 Binghamton University: Associate Professor, John Jay College of Criminal Justice

James W. Griffith, Ph.D. 2004 Binghamton University: Research Assistant Professor, Department of Medical Social Sciences, Northwestern University

Karen A. Ryabchenko, Ph.D. 2003 Binghamton University: Assistant Director, PTSD Clinic, Boston VA

Cho Y. Lam, Ph.D. 2002 Binghamton University: Assistant Professor, Department of Behavioral Science, M.D. Anderson Center

Danielle Maack, Ph.D. 2010 University of Wyoming: Postdoctoral Fellow, University of Mississippi Medical Center




Book Chapters


Pepper, C. M. & *Maack, D. J. (2009). Course of depression, in International Encyclopedia of Depression.

Pepper, C. M. (2005). Mood Disorders. In N. J. Salkind (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Human Development.

Coyne, J. C. & Pepper, C. M. (1998). The therapeutic alliance and strategic therapy. In Safran, J. & Muran, C. (Eds.), The Therapeutic Alliance in Brief Psychotherapy (pp. 147-169). Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.


Journal Articles

Pepper, C. M., Sandefer, R. H, & Gray, M. (2010). Recruiting and Retaining Physicians in Very Rural Areas. Journal of Rural Health, 26, 196-200.

*Nieuwsma, J. A., Pepper, C. M., Maack, D. J., and Birgenheir, B. G. (In Press). Indigenous Perspectives on Depression in Rural Regions of India and the United States, Transcultural Psychiatry.

*Birgenheir, B. G., Pepper, C. M., & Johns, M. (2010). Excessive reassurance seeking as a mediator of sociotropy and negative life events, Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34, 188-195.

*Nieuwsma, J. A. & Pepper, C. M. (2010). How etiological explanations for depression impact stigma perceptions, treatment Preference, and perceived controllability of depression, Journal of Mental Health, 19, 1-10.

*Andover, M. S., Premack, J. M., Gibb, B. E., Pepper, C. M. (2010). An Examination of non-suicidal self-injury in men: Do men differ from women in basic NSSI characteristics? Archives of Suicide Research, 14, 79-88.

*Hamill, S., Scott, W. D., Dearing, E. & Pepper, C. M. (2009). Affective style and depressive symptoms in youth of a North American Plains tribe: The moderating roles of cultural identity and grade level, Personality and Individual Differences, 4, 115.

Pepper, C. M., *Thompson, V. M., & *Nieuwsma, J. A. (2008). Barriers to the treatment of depression in rural primary care clinics, Primary Care & Community Psychiatry, 13, 59-65.

**Harris, P. W., Pepper, C. M., & Maack, D. J. (2008).  The relationship between maladaptive perfectionism and depressive symptoms: The mediating role of rumination, Personality and Individual Differences, 44, 150-160.

Jeglic*, E. L., Pepper, C. M., *Vanderhoff, H. A., & *Ryabchenko, K. A. (2007). An analysis of suicidal behavior in a college sample. Archives of Suicide Research, 11, 41-56.

Pepper, C. M., *Nieuwsma, J. A., & *Thompson, V. M. (2007). Rural Primary Care Providers' Attitudes about Depression, Journal of Rural Mental Health, 31, 6-18.

*Andover, M. A., Pepper, C. M., & Gibb, B. E. (2007).  Self-Mutilation and coping strategies in a college sample. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 37, 238-243.

Pepper, C. M. & *Nieuwsma, J. A. (2006). Issues in the measurement of depression: Purpose, population, and interpretation. Measurement, 4, 165-169.

Lawrence**, E., *Jeglic, E. L., *Matthews, L. T., & Pepper, C. M. (2006). Gender differences in grief reactions following the death of a parent. Journal of Death and Dying, 52, 323-337.

Burman, M. E., McCabe, S., & Pepper, C. M. (2005). Treatment practices and barriers for depression and anxiety by primary care advanced practice nurses in Wyoming. Journal of the American Academy of Nurse Practitioners, 17, 370-380.

Andover*, M. A., Pepper, C. M., *Ryabchenko, K. A., *Orrico, E. G. & Gibb, B. E. (2005). Self-mutilation and symptoms of depression, anxiety, and borderline personality disorder. Suicide and Life Threatening Behavior, 35, 581-591.

Jeglic*, E. L., Pepper, C. M., *Ryabchenko, K. A., Griffith, J. W., Miller, A. B. & Johnson, M. D. (2005). A caregiving model of coping with a partner's depression. Family Relations, 54, 37-45.

Lam*, C. Y., Pepper, C. M. & *Ryabchenko, K. A. (2004). Case Identification of Mood Disorders in Asian American and Caucasian American College Students. Psychiatric Quarterly, 75, 361-373.

Coyne, J. C., Thompson, R., & Pepper, C. M. (2004). The role of life events in depression in primary medical care versus psychiatric settings. Journal of Affective Disorders, 82, 353-361.

Ryabchenko*, K. A., Pepper, C. M., *Jeglic, E. L., *Griffith, J. W., & *Miller, A. B. (2004). Course of recurrent depression in psychiatric and primary care patients. Depression & Anxiety. 20,153-154.

Williams*, R. K., *Galas, J., *Light, D., Pepper, C., Ryan, C., *Kleinmann, A., et al. (2001). Head injury and alexythimia: Implications for family practice care. Brain Injury, 15, 349-356.

Coyne, J. C., Pepper, C. M., & Flynn, H. A. (1999). Significance of prior episodes of depression in two patient populations. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology, 67, 76-81.

Nisenson, L.G., Pepper, C. M., Coyne, J. C., & Schwenk, T. L. (1998). The nature and prevalence of anxiety disorders in primary care. General Hospital Psychiatry, 20, 21-8.

Riso, L. P., Klein, D. N., Ferro, T., Kasch, K. L, Pepper, C. M., Schwartz, J. E., et al. (1996). Understanding the comorbidity between early-onset dysthymia and cluster B personality disorders: A family study. American Journal of Psychiatry, 153, 900-906.

Pepper, C. M. & Coyne, J. C. (1996). The predictive instability of psychological distress in college students: A comment on Flett, Vredenburg, & Krames, Journal of Psychopathology and Behavioral Assessment, 18, 183-186.

Ouimette, P. C., Klein, D. N., & Pepper, C. M. (1996). Personality traits in the first-degree relatives of outpatients with depressive disorders. Journal of Affective Disorders, 39, 43-53.

Norden, K. A., Klein, D. N., Donaldson, S. K, Pepper, C. M., & Klein, L. M. (1995). Reports of the early home environment in DSM-III-R personality disorders. Journal of Personality Disorders, 9, 213-223.

Pepper, C. M., Klein, D. N., Anderson, R. L., Riso, L. P., & Ouimette, P. C. (1995). DSM-III-R Axis II comorbidity in dysthymia and major depression. American Journal of Psychiatry, 152, 239-247.

Pepper, C., Krupp, L. B., Friedberg, F., Doscher, C., & Coyle, P. K. (1993). A comparison of neuropsychiatric characteristics in chronic fatigue syndrome, multiple sclerosis, and major depression. Journal of Neuropsychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 5, 200-205.



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