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Department of Psychology

College of Arts & Sciences

Stress and Mood Laboratory

Principal Investigator: Dr. Carolyn Pepper

University of Wyoming
Department of Psychology, Dept. 3415
1000 E. University Ave.
Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: (307) 766-2951

Graduate Students

  • Mary Lear, M.S.
  • Brooke Maxfield, M.S.
  • Alejandra Reyna
  • Kandice Perry, M.S.
  • Gabriella Zeller
  • Lara Glenn


Current and Recent Lab Research Activities

  • Suicide in the Mountain West
  • Functions of non-suicidal Self-injury (NSSI)
  • Interpersonal Theory of Suicide


Recent Publications

  • *Lear, M. K., *Kozina, R. M., *Stacy, S. E., Clapp, J. D., & Pepper, C. M. (In press). Interpersonal needs and suicide risk: The moderating roles of sex and brooding, Journal of Clinical Psychology. Refereed.

  • *Stacy, S. E., ** Bandel, S. M., * Lear, M. K., & Pepper, C. M. (2018). Before, during, and after self-injury: The practice patterns of NSSI, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 206, 522-527. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000846.

  • Pepper, C. M. (2017). Suicide in the Mountain West region of the United States, Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention

  • *Stacy, S. E., *Lear, M. K. & Pepper, C. M. (2017). The importance of origin: Differences in interpretation of self-inflicted versus environmentally-inflicted scars. Personality and Individual Differences, 116, 92-95.

  • *Lear, M. K., Pepper, C. M. (2016). Family-based outpatient treatments: A viable alternative to hospitalization for adolescent suicidality, Journal of Family Therapy, 30, 813–827.

  • *Lear, M. K. & Pepper, C. M. (2016). Self-concept clarity and emotion dysregulation in non-suicidal self-injury. Journal of Personality Disorders, 30, 813-827.

  • *Bachtelle, S. E. & Pepper, C. M. (2015). The physical results of self-injury: The meaning behind the scars. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 203, 927–933.

  • *Saraff, P. D., **Trujillo, N., & Pepper, C. M. (2015). Functions, consequences, and frequency of non-suicidal self-injury, Psychiatric Quarterly, 219, 298-304.

  • *Saraff, P. D. & Pepper, C. M. (2014). Functions, lifetime frequency, and variety of methods of non-suicidal self-injury among college students, Psychiatry Research, 219, 298-304.

  • *Birgenheir, D. G. & Pepper, C. M. (2013). Social functioning across the course of schizophrenia, Current Psychiatry Reviews, 9, 284-292.

  • *Birgenheir, D. G. & Pepper, C. M. (2011). Negative life experiences and the development of Cluster C personality disorders: A cognitive perspective, Cognitive Behaviour Therapy, 40, 190-205.

  • *Nieuwsma, J. A., Pepper, C. M., *Maack, D. J., & *Birgenheir, B. G. (2011). Indigenous Perspectives on Depression in Rural Regions of India and the United States, Transcultural Psychiatry 48, 539-568.

  • *Andover, M.S., Primack, J. M., Gibb, B. E., & Pepper, C. M. (2010). An Examination of non-suicidal self-injury in men: Do men differ from women in basic NSSI characteristics? Archives of Suicide Research, 14, 79-88.

  • *Nieuwsma, J. A. & Pepper, C. M. (2010). How etiological explanations for depression impact stigma perceptions, treatment preference, and perceived controllability of depression, Journal of Mental Health, 19, 140.

  • *Birgenheir, B. G., Pepper, C. M., & Johns, M. (2010). Excessive reassurance seeking as a mediator of sociotropy and negative life events, Cognitive Therapy and Research, 34, 188-195.

  • Pepper, C. M. & *Maack, D. J. (2009). Course of depression. In R. E. Ingram (Ed.), The international encyclopedia of depression. (pp. 191-193). New York: Springer.

  • Pepper, C. M., *Thompson, V. M., & *Nieuwsma, J. A. (2008). Barriers to the treatment of depression in rural primary care clinics, Primary Care & Community Psychiatry, 13, 59-65.

* denotes graduate student co-author
** denotes undergraduate student co-author

Contact Us

Department of Psychology

1000 E University Ave.

Dept. 3415

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: 307-766-6303

1000 E. University Ave. Laramie, WY 82071
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