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Department of Psychology

College of Arts & Sciences

Stress and Mood Laboratory

Principal Investigator:

Dr. Carolyn Pepper

Carolyn Pepper

University of Wyoming
Department of Psychology, Dept. 3415
1000 E. University Ave.
Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: (307) 766-2951
E-mail: cpepper@uwyo.edu

Our research group studies self-injurious behaviors, including non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) and suicidality. We investigate the nature and functions of NSSI using a range of paradigms including experience sampling, experimental paradigms, questionnaire studies, and virtual reality simulations. As Wyoming has one of the highest suicide rates in the country, we are also interested in furthering our understanding of the high rates of suicide in the Mountain West region.

Accepting graduate students for Fall 2022

 

Current and Recent Lab Research Activities

  • Suicide in the Mountain West
  • Functions of nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI)
  • Self-injurious behaviors in LGBTQ+ individuals

 

Graduate Students

Alejandra Reyna

Alejandra Reyna, M.S.

  • Aggression and suicide
  • Intersecting identities and suicide
  • Immigrant stress
Kandice Perry

Kandice Perry, M.S.

  • Self-criticism and NSSI
  • Masculinity and NSSI
Gabriella Zeller, M.S.

Gabriella Zeller, M.S.

  • Suicide bereavement
  • Entitlement to grieve
Lara Glen

Lara Glenn, M.P.S.

  • Self-criticism and NSSI

 

Recent Publications

*Lear, M. K., *Perry, K. M., *Stacy, S. E., Canen, E. L., Hime, S. J., & Pepper, C. M. (2020). Differential suicide risk factors in rural middle and high school students. Psychiatry research, 284, 112773.

*Lear, M. K., Wilkowski, B. M. & Pepper, C. M. (2019). The Defective Self Model of self-injury: A daily diary investigation in self-injuring college students. Behavior Therapy, 50, 1002-1012.

*Lear, M. K., *Kozina, R. M., *Stacy, S. E., Clapp, J. D., & Pepper, C. M. (2019). Interpersonal needs and suicide risk: The moderating roles of sex and brooding, Journal of Clinical Psychology, 75, 1572-1584.

*Stacy, S. E., ** Bandel, S. M., * Lear, M. K., & Pepper, C. M. (2018). Before, during, and after self-injury: The practice patterns of NSSI, Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 206, 522-527. doi: 10.1097/NMD.0000000000000846.

Pepper, C. M. (2017). Suicide in the Mountain West region of the United States, Crisis: The Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention

*Stacy, S. E., *Lear, M. K. & Pepper, C. M. (2017). The importance of origin: Differences in interpretation of self-inflicted versus environmentally-inflicted scars. Personality and Individual Differences, 116, 92-95.

*Lear, M. K., Pepper, C. M. (2016). Family-based outpatient treatments: A viable alternative to hospitalization for adolescent suicidality, Journal of Family Therapy, 30, 813–827.

*Lear, M. K. & Pepper, C. M. (2016). Self-concept clarity and emotion dysregulation in non-suicidal self-injury. Journal of Personality Disorders, 30, 813-827.

*Bachtelle, S. E. & Pepper, C. M. (2015). The physical results of self-injury: The meaning behind the scars. Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease, 203, 927–933.

*Saraff, P. D., **Trujillo, N., & Pepper, C. M. (2015). Functions, consequences, and frequency of non-suicidal self-injury, Psychiatric Quarterly, 219, 298-304.

*Saraff, P. D. & Pepper, C. M. (2014). Functions, lifetime frequency, and variety of methods of non-suicidal self-injury among college students, Psychiatry Research, 219, 298-304.

Recent Conference Presentations

*Zeller, G. M., Pepper, C. M., *Perry, K. M., *Reyna, A. H., & *Glenn, L. E. (November, 2020). The Mediating Role of Normalization of Suicide on the Relationship Between Suicide Bereavement and Suicidality, Poster presented at the virtual annual meeting of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies. 

*Perry, K. M., *Glenn, L. E., & Pepper, C. M. (November, 2020). The Influence of Gender on Acquired Capability for Suicide: Tests of a Parallel Mediation Model, Poster presented at the virtual annual meeting of the Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies.  

*Glenn, L. E., Pepper, C. M., *Perry, K. M., *Reyna, A., & *Zeller, G. (April, 2020). The Association of Nonsuicidal Self-Injury with External Sources of Criticism, Poster presented at the virtual annual meeting of the American Association for Suicidology, Portland, OR. 

*Zeller, G., Pepper, C. Perry, K. Glenn, L. & Reyna, A. (April, 2020). Perceived Entitlement to Grieve: A New Measure Designed for Individuals Bereaved by Suicide, Poster presented at the virtual annual meeting of the American Association for Suicidology, Portland, OR. 

*Lear, M. K., Wilkowski, B. M., & Pepper, C. M. (2019). Characteristics of NSSI Urge and Behavior: A Daily Diary Study of Frequency, Intensity, and Duration, In T. Spitzer, & M. Baer (co-chairs), Repeated Measures Designs in Risk for Self-injurious Thoughts and Behaviors, Symposia conducted at the 52nd annual meeting of the American Assocation of Suicidology, Denver, CO. 

*Stacy, S. E., Clapp, J. D., *Reyna, A. H., & Pepper, C. M. (2019, April). The Effects of Blood in Self-Injurious Cutting: Positive and Negative Affect Regulation, Paper presented at the 52nd annual meeting of the American Assocation of Suicidology, Denver, CO. 

*Reyna, A. H., Pepper, C. M., *Perry, K. M., *Zeller, G. M., *Glenn, L. E. (2019, April). Nonsuicidal Self-Injury and Suicide Attempts: The Effect of Aggression, Poster presented at the 52nd annual meeting of the American Assocation of Suicidology, Denver, CO. 

*Kozina, R. M., * Lear, M. K., *Stacy, S. E., Pepper, C. M., & Clapp, J. D. (2018, November).  The Three-Step Theory of Suicide: An Examination of Conditional Indirect Effects, Poster presented at the 52nd annual meeting of the Assocation for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Washington, D.C. 

*Lear, M. K. & Pepper, C. M. (2018, November). NSSI among LGBTQ+ College Students: A Daily Diary Study of Minority Stress Theory, Poster presented at the 52nd annual meeting of the Assocation for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, Washington, D.C.

*Lear, M. K. & Pepper, C. M. (2018, April). Daily Emotion in Non-suicidal Self-injury, Paper presented at the 51st annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Washington, DC.

*Stacy, S. E. & Pepper, C. M. (2018, April). “I am fascinated by the color of blood”:  Narrative Descriptions of the Importance of Blood in NSSI. Poster presented at the 51st annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Washington, DC. 

*Maxfield, B. L., *Reyna, A. H., *Perry, K. M. & Pepper, C. M. (2017, November). An Analysis of Cognitions Preceding Nonsuicidal Self-Injury: What Do Self-Injurers Think About Before Self-Injuring? Poster presented at the annual meeting of the Assocation for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies, San Diego, CA. 

*Lear, M. K., *Bachtelle, S. E., *Merrow, B. M., *Reyna, A. H., *Perry, K. M., *Zeller, G. M., & Pepper, C. M. (2017, April). Anxiety and suicide risk: The role of intolerance of uncertainty. Poster presented at the 50th annual meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, Phoenix, AZ. 

*Bachtelle, S. E., **Bandel, S., L., *Lear, M. K., *Merrow, B. L, *Reyna, A.H, *Perry, K. M., *Zeller, G. M., & Pepper, C. M. (2016, October). Before, during, and after self-injury: The ritualistic nature of NSSI. Presented at the annual Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies Convention, New York, NY. Winner of Best Poster Award. 

*Merrow, B. L., * Lear, M. K., *Bachtelle, S. B. *Reyna, A. H., *Perry, K. M., *Zeller, G. M., & Pepper, C. M. (2016, October). Impulsivity factors in non-suicidal self-injury: A comparison of impusivity between self-injurers and a control group. Presented at the annual Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies Convention, New York, NY. 

*Bachtelle, S. E., & Pepper, C. (2015, November). The physical results of nonsuicidal self-injury: The Meaning behind the Scars ad of the Self. In S.E. Bachtelle & M. K. Lear (Co-chairs), Nonsuicidal self-injury and the self: Exploring the relationship between NSSI, body factors, and identity. Symposia conducted at the annual Association for Behavioral and Cognitive Therapies Convention, Chicago, IL. 

* denotes graduate student co-author
** denotes undergraduate student co-author

Contact Us

Department of Psychology

1000 E University Ave.

Dept. 3415

Laramie, WY 82071

Phone: 307-766-6303

1000 E. University Ave. Laramie, WY 82071
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