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Caroline Lockhart standing behind her bar with a sign overhead that says Men Will Fite Outside


Caroline Lockhart (1871-1962) was a newspaper publisher, writer of Western novels and stories, journalist, rancher, and rodeo sponsor. She moved to Cody, Wyoming, in 1904 and remained in the area the rest of her life. From 1919-1925 she owned the weekly newspaper "Park County Enterprise", which was renamed the "Cody Enterprise" in 1922. She authored several novels, including "Me, Smith", "The Lady Shepherdess", and "Lady Doc". She had cattle ranching interests in the Cody area and was credited with founding the annual Cody Stampede. She retired to her ranch at Dryhead, Montana, near the Crow Indian Reservation. The collection includes correspondence (1908-1960); diaries (1898, 1918-1942); ledgers (1941-1942); photographs, including four albums; manuscripts of articles and books; legal documents, including her 1953 will and a 1959 trust agreement; materials on the Cody Stampede; artifacts; and miscellaneous materials. 

Explore this finding aid in the Featured Collections of the Archives Portal.  

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About Us

More than 100 years ago, Grace Raymond Hebard—UW faculty member, administrator, librarian, and Wyoming historian—began collecting the papers and reminiscences of Wyoming’s pioneers. Her research on the history of Wyoming, the West, emigrant trails, and Native Americans became the nucleus for what is known today as the American Heritage Center (AHC). Officially established in 1945, the Center now holds over 90,000 cubic feet of historic documents and artifacts in more than 3500 collections—placing the AHC among the largest non-governmental archives in the nation.

Today, the AHC contains important holdings in numerous areas. Its western history archives include materials on early women’s suffrage and political achievements, native Americans, ranching, politics, authors, and under-documented communities. Other featured collecting areas include transportation (railroad, highway and air travel), mining and energy extraction, entertainment and popular culture (with important collections featuring Hollywood, music, radio, television and the comic book industry), natural resources and the environment, and military history. The AHC also serves as the primary archives for the University of Wyoming. Connect with us on our social media platforms - Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Virmuze, and our blog - where we are #ALWAYS ARCHIVING.  


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American Heritage Center Reading Room

Toppan Rare Books Library

  • The Toppan Rare Books Library collections are now accessible through the AHC’s Reading Room during its posted hours.
  • 307-766-2565 or

Centennial Complex for the American Heritage Center.

  • Monday - Friday, 9:00 a.m. - 5:00 p.m. MT
  • Closed on University of Wyoming Holidays
  • UW Academic Calendar


Parking in the Centennial Complex lot is free, but patrons must park only in the area of the lot with the signage that states "CENTENNIAL COMPLEX 2HR VISITOR PARKING". Ares with "RED PERMIT" signage are exclusively reserved for University of Wyoming parking permits ans patrons will be subject to fines in this area of the lot without a valid permit during the normal Monday - Friday, 8 a.m. -  5 p.m. business hours of the university. For visitations lasting longer than 2 hours a free temporary parking permits can be obtained by inquiring at the following locations:

  • The Information Desk located in the Centennial Complex main lobby.
  • The AHC Docent Desk located at the entrance to the Center's main display area on 2nd floor.
  • The supervisors desk located in the 4th floor reading room.

Once obtained, these permits must be be promptly displayed on the dashboard or in the front windshield of a vehicle in order to avoid a fine for overstaying the 2 hour parking limit.

Street Address

Centennial Complex
2111 Willet Drive
Laramie, WY 82071 

Mailing Address

For US Postal Service:
American Heritage Center
University of Wyoming
1000 E. University Ave.
Dept. 3924
Laramie, WY 82071

For UPS & FedEx:
American Heritage Center
University of Wyoming
16th & Gibbon Street
Laramie, WY 82071
Attn: Bill Hopkins